Volume 7 Supplement 1

International Society on Brain and Behaviour: 3rd International Congress on Brain and Behaviour

Open Access

Comparison of body fat in patients with schizophrenia and normal controls

  • Konstantinos Fountoulakis1,
  • Melina Siamouli1,
  • Panagiotis Panagiotidis1,
  • Stamatia Magiria1,
  • Stavroula Sokolaki1,
  • Sotiris Kantartzis1,
  • Natalia Papastergiou1,
  • George Shoretsanitis1,
  • Evangelia Kouidi2,
  • Stergios Kaprinis1,
  • Theoharis Mavridis1,
  • Apostolos Iacovides1 and
  • George Kaprinis1
Annals of General Psychiatry20087(Suppl 1):S285

https://doi.org/10.1186/1744-859X-7-S1-S285

Published: 17 April 2008

Background

Obesity, especially central, and the metabolic syndrome are highly prevalent in psychiatric patients. They are mostly attributed to the use of antipsychotic medication and to lifestyle habits and constitute a significant health concern since they seem to be risk factors for rather serious medical conditions.

Materials and methods

The study sample included 105 patients suffering from schizophrenia (44 females−41.91% and 61 males− 58.09%) aged 36.25±10.03 (range 19-69) and 156 normal control subjects (65 females−41.66% and 91 males− 58.34%) aged 36.03±11.33 (range 19-68). Clinical diagnosis was made according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Height, weight, waist circumference and number of cigarettes smoked daily were recorded. Duration of illness was calculated based on records concerning the age of first onset of psychotic symptoms. Body Surface Area (BSA) and Body Mass Index (BMI) were calculated as well as % body fat, with the use of LifeWiseTM Body Fat Analyzers No 63-1525.

Results

The ANOVA results suggested a significant main effect regarding diagnosis and gender as well as for their interaction. Scheffe post hoc test demonstrated significant differences between patients and controls regarding body weight (women only, p=0.002), waist circumference (men p=0.002, women p<0.0001), BMI (women only, p<0.001), BSA (women only, p<0.01) and % body fat (women only, p=0.033), with patients being more obese. The patients also smoked more cigarettes daily (men p=0.002, women p=0.016)

Conclusions

The results of the present study corroborate the increased prevalence of obesity in schizophrenic patients, especially female. The interpretation of this finding remains unclear.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
3rd Department of Psychiatry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
(2)
Laboratory of Sports Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Copyright

© Fountoulakis et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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