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Table 2 Short Form 36 (SF-36) scores by degree of hearing impairment

From: Hearing impairment and cognitive function among a community-dwelling population in Japan

  Total, n = 846 Hearing impairment ANOVA P value
   None (-24 dB), n = 527 Mild (25-39 dB), n = 265 Moderate to severe (-40 dB), n = 54  
PF 80.7 ± 19.7 83.4 ± 18.7 76.6 ± 19.9a 74.4 ± 23.2a < 0.001
RP 87.2 ± 20.5 89.1 ± 19.3 85.2 ± 21.1a 78.7 ± 24.4a < 0.001
BP 71.3 ± 22.7 72.9 ± 22.4 68.7 ± 23.1a 67.8 ± 21.8 < 0.05
GH 60.4 ± 17.6 60.5 ± 16.9 60.1 ± 19.1 61.2 ± 16.5 0.912
VT 65.8 ± 19.7 65.5 ± 19.4 67.1 ± 19.6 62.2 ± 22.0 0.210
SF 90.7 ± 17.2 91.2 ± 16.5 91.1 ± 16.9 83.3 ± 23.4a < 0.01
RE 89.7 ± 19.2 90.9 ± 18.0 89.4 ± 19.1 79.3 ± 26.7a < 0.001
MH 76.2 ± 17.7 75.8 ± 17.5 76.7 ± 18.2 76.9 ± 17.2 0.742
PCS 46.3 ± 12.4 48.0 ± 11.7 44.1 ± 12.3a 40.2 ± 14.8a < 0.001
MCS 53.0 ± 9.0 52.4 ± 8.9 54.1 ± 9.2a 53.8 ± 9.7 < 0.05
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD.
  2. aIndicates a significant difference (P < 0.05) from no hearing impairment group.
  3. ANOVA = analysis of variance; BP = bodily pain; GH = general health perception; MCS = Mental Component Summary; MH = mental health; PCS = Physical Component Summary; PF = physical functioning; RE = role emotional; RP = role physical; SF = social functioning; VT = vitality.