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Table 3 Suicidal behaviour among youths in relation to their parents’ characteristics

From: Suicidal behaviour among youths associated with psychopathology in both parents and youths attending outpatient psychiatric clinic in Kenya

Parental variables Suicidal behaviour No suicidal behaviour OR 95% CI p value*
  (N= 205) (N= 40)     
  n % n %   Lower Upper  
Perceived maternal parenting behaviour         
No emotional connectedness 22 78.6 6 21.4 1.57 0.42 5.85 0.501
Rejecting 115 89.1 14 10.9 3.52 1.17 10.64 0.026
Under-protective 42 77.8 12 22.2 1.50 0.47 4.74 0.490
Normal 14 70.0 6 30.0 Reference    
Mothers: major depressive disorder         
Major depressive disorder 103 88.0 14 12.0 2.14 1.05 4.37 0.037
Not assessed 16 94.1 1 5.9 4.65 0.59 36.81 0.145
No major depressive disorder 86 77.5 25 22.5 Reference    
Mothers: dysthymia         
Dysthymia 36 83.7 7 16.3 1.08 0.44 2.63 0.873
Not assessed 16 94.1 1 5.9 3.35 0.43 26.15 0.250
No dysthymia 153 82.7 32 17.3 Reference    
Perceived paternal parenting behaviour         
No emotional connectedness 89 85.6 15 14.4 1.35 0.44 4.11 0.599
Rejecting 42 85.7 7 14.3 1.36 0.39 4.80 0.629
Under-protective 10 71.4 4 28.6 0.57 0.13 2.58 0.464
Normal 22 81.5 5 18.5 Reference    
Unknown 42   9      
Fathers: major depressive disorder         
MDD 35 92.1 3 7.9 3.03 0.88 10.47 0.080
Not assessed 43 91.5 4 8.5 2.79 0.94 8.34 0.066
No MDD 127 79.4 33 20.6 Reference    
Fathers: alcohol use disorder         
Alcohol use 83 86.5 13 13.5 1.86 0.88 3.92 0.104
Not assessed 43 91.5 4 8.5 3.13 1.02 9.64 0.047
No alcohol use 79 77.5 23 22.5 Reference    
  1. *Significance at p < 0.05 (italicized); OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.