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Table 2 Major depressive disorder among youths in relation to mental health status of the parents

From: Major depressive disorder in a Kenyan youth sample: relationship with parenting behavior and parental psychiatric disorders

Variables Present (N= 133) Absent (N= 112) OR 95% CI p Value
  n % n %   Lower Upper  
Behavior of mothers         
 Not emotional 9 32.1 19 67.9 0.71 0.21 2.35 0.575
 Rejecting 81 62.8 48 37.2 2.53 0.97 6.63 0.059
 Under protective 25 46.3 29 53.7 1.29 0.46 3.67 0.629
 Normal 8 40.0 12 60.0 Reference    
 Unknown 10   4      
DD in mothers         
 Present 93 57.1 70 42.9 2.14 0.68 3.93 0.163
 Absent 28 50.9 27 49.1 Reference    
 Deceased 12 70.6 5 29.4 2.27 0.75 6.88 0.146
Behavior of fathers         
 Normal 17 63.0 10 37.0 Reference    
 Not emotional 60 57.7 44 42.3 0.80 0.34 1.92 0.620
 Rejecting 26 53.1 23 46.9 0.66 0.25 1.74 0.406
 Under protective 3 21.4 11 78.6 0.16 0.04 0.72 0.017
 Unknown 27   24      
MDD in fathers         
 Present 18 47.4 20 52.6 0.86 0.42 1.74 0.667
 Absent 82 51.3 78 48.8 Reference    
 Deceased 33 70.2 14 29.8 2.24 1.12 4.51 0.023
Alcohol use among fathers         
 Present 50 52.1 46 47.9 1.13 0.65 1.97 0.667
 Absent 50 49.0 52 51.0 Reference    
 Deceased 33 70.2 14 29.8 2.45 1.17 5.12 0.017
  1. Italicized values are at p < 0.05. CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.