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Table 5 Adjusted odds ratios of major depressive disorder among Kenyan youth

From: Major depressive disorder in a Kenyan youth sample: relationship with parenting behavior and parental psychiatric disorders

Associations AOR 95% CI p Value
   Lower Upper  
Age in years     
 13 to 15 1.64 0.58 4.60 0.348
 16 to 18 2.74 1.09 6.93 0.033
 19 to 22 Reference    
Gender 1.98 0.87 8.678 0.045
 Female Reference    
 Male     
Maternal parental behavior     
 Rejecting behavior 2.165 1.060 4.422 0.034
 Other behavior Reference    
Major depressive disorder in mother     
 Present 5.27 1.10 14.76 <0.001
 Absent Reference    
Major depressive disorder in father     
 Present 0.51 0.21 1.23 0.135
 Absent Reference    
 Deceased 4.69 1.50 14.69 0.008
Any anxiety in youth     
 Yes 4.03 1.47 11.08 0.007
 No Reference    
Alcohol use in youth     
 Yes 2.41 1.19 4.89 0.015
 No Reference    
Suicide behavior in youth     
 Yes 4.52 1.38 14.81 0.013
 No Reference    
Conduct disorder in youth     
 Yes 2.909 0.659 12.848 0.159
 No Reference    
  1. Italicized values are at p < 0.05. AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.