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Table 4 Logistic regression analyses predicting history of STI

From: Mental health, childhood abuse and HIV sexual risk behaviour among university students in Ivory Coast

Variable Men Women
  Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Socio-demographics     
Age     
18–22 1.00 1.00
23–25 1.54 (0.68–3.51) 1.51 (0.82–2.77)
26–30 1.85 (0.79–4.30) 1.26 (0.65–2.44)
Family background     
Quite poor 1.00 1.00
Not very well off 0.72 (0.37–1.42) 0.88 (0.42–1.88)
Quite well off, wealthy 0.83 (0.30–2.31) 0.49 (0.19–1.25)
Religious affiliation     
Muslim 1.00 1.00
Protestant 1.65 (0.64–4.31) 1.08 (0.47–2.47)
Catholic 1.50 (0.56–3.99) 1.45 (0.68–3.12)
Others 1.41 (0.37–5.43) 0.00
Religiousness     
Organised religious activity 1.00 (0.80–1.24) 0.82 (0.66–1.01)
Non-organised religious activity 0.84 (0.70–1.00)* 0.82 (0.68–0.99)* 0.90 (0.78–1.04)
Intrinsic religiosity 0.77 (0.40–1.47) 0.95 (0.55–1.66)
Traumatic experiences     
Ever been hit by a sex partner 2.03 (0.53–7.78) 0.97 (0.41–2.31)
Ever been forced to have sex 1.12 (0.37–3.41) 1.75 (0.98–3.13)
Physically abused as a child 0.88 (0.39–1.99) 1.63 (0.72–3.68)
Sexually abused as a child 1.84 (0.49–6.94) 1.12 (0.36–3.49)
Diagnosed HIV positive 3.05 (0.77–34.34) 1.42 (0.15–13.84)
Alcohol use     
Heavy episodic drinking 1.53 (0.71–3.28) 0.74 (0.16–3.42)
Alcohol use in the context of sex 1.96 (1.05–3.66)* 1.67 (0.87–3.19) 1.92 (1.01–3.64)* 1.68 (0.57–3.24)
Mental health     
Screened positive for depression 1.55 (0.67–3.58) 2.17 (1.17–4.03)* 1.99 (1.03–3.85)*
Screened positive for PTSD 1.54 (0.59–4.02) 1.75 (0.81–3.76)
  1. *P < .05.