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Table 1 Baseline characteristics in right unilateral and bifrontal treatments

From: Heart rate changes during electroconvulsive therapy

  RUL ECT (n= 64) BF ECT (n= 55) p value
  Mean ± SD Median (range) Mean ± SD Median (range)  
Age (yr) 53 ± 12 52 (29–79) 71 ± 7 71 (43–86) 0.000a
First HR (bpm) 81 ± 13 80 (56–123) 83 ± 15 83 (50–124) 0.490a
Baseline HR (bpm) 90 ± 17 88 (55–127) 89 ± 18 88 (60–139) 0.677a
Charge dose (mC) 222 ± 96 197 (88–605) 350 ± 174 323 (151–1014) 0.000b
  1. SD, standard deviation; range, minimum-maximum range; First HR (bpm), heart rate (beats per minute) upon arrival in the ECT unit; Baseline HR (bpm), heart rate (beats per minute) immediately before stimulation; at test; bMann–Whitney U test.