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Table 3 Association between multiple physical symptoms and exposure to potentially traumatic events

From: Multiple physical symptoms in a military population: a cross-sectional study

Combat exposure Mean number of symptoms (SD) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) a
Discharged weapon in direct combat 3.31 (4.60) 1.57 (0.95–2.59) 1.09 (0.58–2.08)
Thought I might be killed 4.38 (5.20) 2.18 (1.32–3.61) 2.67 (1.56–4.58)
Seeing dead or wounded 3.70 (5.10) 1.12 (0.65–1.94) 1.25 (0.70–2.28)
Handled bodies 3.81 (5.12) 1.22 (0.74–2.01) 1.33 (0.76–2.25)
Aided wounded 3.94 (4.93) 1.0 (0.60–1.67) 1.12 (0.64–1.96)
Came under small arm fire 3.81 (5.05) 1.32 (0.8–2.17) 1.97 (1.10–3.53)
Came under mortar, missile, artillery fire 4.29 (5.95) 1.73 (1.05–2.85) 2.21 (1.27–3.89)
Experienced landmine strikes 3.92 (5.99) 0.74 (0.17–3.20) 0.82 (0.18–3.63)
Experienced hostility from civilians 5.44 (7.0) 2.54 (0.81–7.95) 3.05 (0.93–10.0)
Involved in combat with enemy vessels 3.45 (4.86) 0.74 (0.45–1.22) 1.12 (0.61–2.06)
Health limiting participation in vigorous activities 6.42 (6.72) 5.12 (3.04–8.63) 5.01 (2.52–9.97)
  1. aAdjusted for age, education, marital status, rank, service type, and role within the unit.