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Table 3 Mean and median scores for IPQS-relatives sub-scales and coping styles

From: Correlational study: illness representations and coping styles in caregivers for individuals with schizophrenia

  Number of items Mean score (SD) Median score (min to max)
IPQS-relatives sub-scale    
 Timeline (acute/chronic) 6 3.27 (0.56) 3.33 (1.83–4.00)
 Timeline (cyclical) 4 3.01 (0.62) 3.00 (1.00–4.00)
 Negative consequences (caregiver) 9 1.46 (0.61) 1.44 (0.11–3.22)
 Negative consequences (patient) 11 2.90 (0.54) 3.00 (1.36–4.00)
 Personal control (caregiver helplessness) 4 2.34 (0.82) 2.25 (0.25–4.00)
 Personal control (patient helplessness) 4 2.57 (0.78) 2.50 (0.25–4.00)
 Personal blame (caregiver responsibility) 3 0.94 (0.70) 1.00 (0.00–2.67)
 Personal blame (patient responsibility) 3 0.76 (0.75) 0.67 (0.00–3.33)
 Treatment control 5 2.50 (0.70) 2.60 (0.20–4.00)
 Coherence 5 1.05 (0.72) 1.00 (0.00–2.60)
 Emotional representation 9 1.90 (0.72) 1.89 (0.22–3.78)
Coping styles    
 Problem-focused coping 11 30.71 (7.28) 32.00 (7.00–43.00)
 Emotion-focused coping 10 15.60 (4.40) 15.00 (7.00–28.00)
 Social support-focused coping 8 22.33 (3.77) 23.00 (8.00–28.00)