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Table 1 Demographic data

From: Cognitive performance in older elderly men with late-life depression and cardiovascular comorbidities: symptomatological correlation

  Groups Statistics
  HC (n = 33) CVC (n = 101) LLD (n = 34) LLD + CVC (n = 49) F(p value) Post hoc
Age (years) 81.41 ± 3.89 81.02 ± 4.22 80.53 ± 3.28 81.80 ± 4.67 0.83 (0.48) -
Education (years) 5.23 ± 4.01 5.93 ± 5.14 4.79 ± 3.98 3.53 ± 3.98 2.15 (0.10) -
MMSE score 24.73 ± 3.03 24.78 ± 2.55 24.35 ± 2.57 23.72 ± 3.16 0.86 (0.46) -
GDS 2.25 ± 1.87 2.44 ± 1.31 7.47 ± 1.81 6.83 ± 2.60 143.08 (<0.0005) LLD, LLD + CVC > HC, CVC (p < 0.0005)
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD). HC, older elderly healthy controls; CVC, older elderly men with cardiovascular comorbidities; LLD, older elderly men with late-life depression; LLD + CVC, older elderly men with late-life depression and cardiovascular comorbidities; GDS, Geriatric Depression Scale.