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Table 2 Comparison of MMSE subscale among four groups of older elderly men

From: Cognitive performance in older elderly men with late-life depression and cardiovascular comorbidities: symptomatological correlation

  HC (n = 33) CVD (n = 101) LLD (n = 34) LLD + CVC (n = 49) ANOVA ( F, p value) Post hoc a
Orientation 7.73 ± 1.13 7.84 ± 1.08 7.82 ± 0.87 7.92 ± 1.10 (F = 0.22, p = 0.89) -
Registration 2.48 ± 0.57 2.59 ± 0.51 2.47 ± 0.56 2.45 ± 0.54 (F = 1.07, p = 0.36) -
Attention 3.94 ± 0.61 3.90 ± 0.61 3.91 ± 0.57 3.71 ± 0.71 (F = 1.27, p = 0.28) -
Recall memory 2.09 ± 0.38 1.98 ± 0.55 1.94 ± 0.34 1.61 ± 0.64 (F = 7.26, p < 0.0005) HC > LLD + CVC, CVC > LLD + CVC
Language 7.06 ± 0.79 6.97 ± 0.69 7.24 ± 0.74 7.02 ± 0.78 (F = 1.13, p = 0.34) -
Spatial concept 0.88 ± 0.33 0.94 ± 0.24 0.91 ± 0.29 0.92 ± 0.28 (F = 0.46, p = 0.71) -
  1. Data are presented as means ± SD. HC, healthy controls; CVC, cardiovascular comorbidities; LLD, late-life depression; LLD + CVC, late-life depression with cardiovascular comorbidities. aThe direction of '>’ shows performance from better to worse.