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Table 4 Changes in beliefs toward the impact and detection/follow-up responsibility for both groups

From: A theory-based educational intervention to pediatricians in order to improve identification and referral of maternal depression: a quasi-experimental study

  Pre Post Change   
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P** P
Depressed mothers provide more inconsistent care to their children than non-depressed mothers.      
 Comparison group 5 (0.9) 4.8 (0.6) −0.2 (0.9) 0.261 0.974
 Intervention group 5.2 (0.8) 5 (0.7) −0.2 (1.2) 0.397  
P* 0.599 0.480    
Maternal depression often goes away without treatment.      
 Comparison group 3.4 (1.1) 3.4 (0.9) 0 (1.4) 0.874 0.097
 Intervention group 3.3 (1.5) 2.5 (0.9) −0.8 (1.8) 0.073  
P* 0.795 0.001    
It is normal for mothers of young children to feel depressed.      
 Comparison group 3.5 (1.2) 4 (0.7) 0.5 (1.2) 0.061 0.001
 Intervention group 3.6 (1.1) 2.7 (1) −0.9 (1.4) 0.010  
P* 0.850 <0.001    
Recognizing maternal depression is my responsibility.      
 Comparison group 1.7 (0.6) 2.1 (0.6) 0.4 (0.8) 0.014 <0.001
 Intervention group 1.8 (1) 4.4 (0.7) 2.6 (1) <0.001  
P* 0.536 <0.001    
Treating (e.g., counseling, provide referral) maternal depression in my patients or their mothers is my responsibility.      
 Comparison group 1.9 (0.6) 2.2 (0.7) 0.3 (0.9) 0.057 <0.001
 Intervention group 2.1 (0.6) 3.9 (0.8) 1.8 (1) <0.001  
P* 0.140 <0.001    
It is my responsibility to refer depressed mothers for further mental health treatment.      
 Comparison group 3.2 (1.1) 3.1 (1) −0.1 (1.4) 0.880 0.009
 Intervention group 3.5 (1) 4.5 (0.7) 1 (0.9) <0.001  
P* 0.282 <0.001    
It is not my responsibility to follow up after making a referral to a mental health specialist.      
 Comparison group 4.7 (0.7) 4.9 (0.5) 0.2 (0.8) 0.296 0.001
 Intervention group 4.7 (0.8) 3.6 (1) −1.1 (1.5) 0.001  
P* 0.956 <0.001    
I do not have time to follow up with the patient after making a referral.      
 Comparison group 4 (0.9) 4.9 (0.4) 0.9 (0.9) <0.001 <0.001
 Intervention group 3.8 (0.8) 3.3 (0.8) −0.5 (1.1) 0.053  
P* 0.370 <0.001    
  1. *p value for differences between the two groups; **p value for changes among pre- and post-measures; repeated measurements ANOVA, p value for interaction effect of time with group.