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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of valuable patients (n = 2472)

From: Clinical features and therapeutic management of patients admitted to Italian acute hospital psychiatric units: the PERSEO (psychiatric emergency study and epidemiology) survey

Characteristic Parameter   
   Females Males
Gender, n (%)   1214 (49.1) 1258 (50.9)
  Mean (SD) Females Males
Age 43.7 (14.2) 45.7 (14.3)* 41.7 (13.8)*
Occupational status, n (%) Overall Females* Males*
Employed 543 (22.0) 225 (18.5) 318 (25.3)
Housewife 328 (13.3) 325 (26.8) 3 (0.2)
Student 47 (1.9) 19 (1.6) 28 (2.2)
Unemployed 658 (26.6) 249 (20.5) 409 (32.5)
Retired 703 (28.4) 309 (25.5) 394 (31.3)
Disabled 103 (4.2) 40 (3.3) 63 (5.0)
Other 42 (1.7) 21 (1.7) 21 (1.7)
NA 48 (1.9) 26 (2.1) 22 (1.7)
Marital status, n (%) Overall Females* Males*
Single 1079 (43.6) 385 (31.7) 694 (55.2)
Married 564 (22.8) 365 (30.1) 199 (15.8)
Widow 103 (4.2) 83 (6.8) 20 (1.6)
Divorced 271 (10.9) 157 (13.0) 114 (9.0)
NA 455 (18.4) 224 (18.4) 231 (18.4)
Life habits, n (%) Overall Females* Males*
Smokers 1421 (57.5) 542 (44.6) 879 (69.9)
Alcohol abusers 462 (18.7) 149 (12.3) 313 (24.9)
Drug abusers 86 (3.5) 15 (1.24) 71 (5.6)
Admission status, n (%) Overall Females* Males*
Voluntary 2103 (85.1) 1073 (88.4) 1030 (81.9)
Involuntary 364 (14.7) 140 (11.5) 224 (17.8)
NA 5 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 4 (0.3)
  1. *Males versus females, p < 0.001; NA: Not available/unknown.
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