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Table 1 Comparison of the two trauma samples.

From: Risk factors predict post-traumatic stress disorder differently in men and women

  Explosion study Stabbing incident
  Men Women Total Men Women Total
PTSD prevalence 6.9% 20.0% 14.2%* 1.8% 14.2% 9.5%***
HTQ total 48.03 (12.55) 54.55 (17.63) 51.56 (15.80)* 46.17 (9.61) 57.16 (16.08) 52.96 (14.93)***
HTQ re-experiencing 6.64 (2.17) 7.64 (2.69) 7.19 (2.64)** 7.64 (2.37) 10.08 (3.57) 9.15 (3.38)***
HTQ avoidance 10.21 (3.08) 11.37 (4.41) 10.86 (3.91) 9.97 (2.77) 11.96 (3.63) 11.20 (3.46)***
HTQ arousal 8.88 (3.46) 10.89 (3.81) 9.99 (3.79)*** 7.97 (2.94) 10.24 (3.82) 9.38 (3.68)***
Age 50.75 (15.30) 49.68 (14.05) 50.20 (14.67) 17.93 (0.98) 18.02 (1.09) 17.99 (1.05)
Previous trauma 1.65 (1.41) 1.52 (1.29) 1.58 (1.35) 1.66 (1.53) 1.54 (1.50) 1.58 (1.51)
CSS total 38.27 (5.93) 39.45 (5.93) 38.87 (5.95)* 40.50 (5.18) 40.00 (6.03) 40.19 (5.73)
CSS 1 5.94 (1.23) 6.20 (1.08) 6.07 (1.16)* 6.42 (0.98) 1.07 (0.76) 1.04 (0.06)
CSS 2 5.18 (1.36) 5.33 (1.36) 5.26 (1.36) 5.51 (1.42) 5.83 (1.45) 5.71 (1.45)
CSS 3 5.71 (1.30) 6.02 (1.20) 5.87 (1.26)** 5.38 (1.45) 5.21 (1.49) 5.28 (1.48)
CSS 4 5.90 (1.21) 5.86 (1.11) 5.88 (1.16) 6.46 (0.81) 6.26 (1.14) 6.34 (1.03)
CSS 5 4.68 (1.85) 5.06 (1.92) 4.88 (1.89)* 4.03 (2.22) 4.52 (2.01) 4.34 (2.10)
CSS 6 2.39 (1.62) 2.62 (1.81) 2.51 (1.72) 1.69 (1.37) 2.21 (1.60) 2.02 (1.54)**
CSS 7 5.19 (1.66) 5.59 (1.53) 5.39 (1.61)** 6.19 (1.06) 6.07 (1.10) 6.11 (1.09)
GHQ anxiety 15.69 (4.73) 17.33 (5.34) 16.52 (5.11)*** - - -
GHQ depression 7.58 (2.16) 8.02 (2.64) 7.80 (2.43)* - - -
TSC NA 12.50 (2.77) 14.53 (4.35) 13.53 (3.79)*** 13.06 (3.23) 15.55 (4.12) 14.6 (3.99)***
TSC dissociation 5.84 (1.45) 6.26 (1.66) 6.05 (1.57)** 6.06 (1.36) 6.81 (2.17) 6.53 (1.94)***
  1. Means and standard deviations (SD) for the two studies for men, women, and total sample are shown
  2. * p ≤ 0.05; ** p ≤ 0.01; *** p ≤ 0.001.
  3. CSS, Crisis Support Scale (items include: 1, perceived ability for someone listening; 2, contact with people in a similar situation; 3, the ability to express oneself; 4, received sympathy and support; 5, practical support; 6, the experience of being let down; 7, general satisfaction with social support); GHQ-30, 30-question General Health Questionnaire; HTQ, Harvard Trauma Questionnaire part IV; NA, negative affectivity; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; TSC, 26-item Trauma Symptom Checklist (only the subscales for NA and dissociation were used in this study).