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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the sample population

From: Lower paraoxonase 1 activity in Tunisian bipolar I patients

  Bipolar I patients (n = 66) Control group (n = 64) P value
Gender, male/female (ratio) 46/20 (2.30) 34/30 (1.13) 0.071
Age, years ± SD 37.9 ± 12.6 36.3 ± 18.2 0.550
BMI, kg/m2 ± SD 26.66 ± 4.46 24.88 ± 4.03 0.018
Cigarette smoking    
Smokers 34 (51.5) 28 (43.8) 0.387
Non-smokers 32 (48.5) 36 (56.2)  
Alcoholic beverages    
Consumers 7 (10.6) 14 (21.9) 0.098
Non-consumers 59 (89.4) 50 (78.1)  
Episode of illness    
Depressive (D) 6 (9.1) - -
Euthymic (E) 42 (63.6) - -
Manic (M) 18 (27.3) - -
Treatment:    
Valproic acid 31 (47.0) - -
Lithium 5 (6.7) - -
Carbamazepine 8 (12.1) - -
Antipsychotics 22 (33.3) - -
  1. All values are n (%) unless otherwise stated.
  2. BMI = body mass index.