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Table 3 Current diagnoses according to mini international neuropsychiatric interview (MINI) or International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) research diagnostic criteria

From: Characteristics of mentally ill offenders from 100 psychiatric court reports

Diagnosis Patients, n Number of cases and percentage from the subgroup P value
   Murder Robbery Financial Violent and simple offences Other  
Schizophrenia 13 3 (21.4%) 0 2 (16.6%) 3 (9.6%) 5 (18.5) 0.05
Drug abuse 56 7 (50%) 13 (81.2%) 3 (25%) 18 (58%) 15 (55.5%) 0.001
Bipolar disorder 8 0 1 (6.2%) 1 (8.3%) 1 (3.2%) 5 (18.5%) 0.04
Antisocial disorder 10 0 7 (43.7%) 0 2 (6.45%) 1 (3.7%) 0.001
Organic disorder 6 0 0 1 (8.3%) 3 (9.65%) 2 (6.15%) 0.04
Delusional disorder 8 6 (42.8%) 0 0 2 (6.45%) 0 0.001
Adjustment disorder 9 0 0 7 (58.3%) 1 (3.2%) 1 (3.7%) 0.01
Dissociative disorder 2 0 0 1 (8.3%) 1 (3.2%) 0 0.23
Schizoaffective disorder 3 0 0 1 (8.3%) 2 (6.45%) 0 0.11
Mental retardation 9 1 (7.1%) 0 0 4 (12.9%) 4 (14.8%) 0.13
No mental disorder 10 1 (7.1%) 3 (18.7%) 4 (33.3%) 2 (6.45%) 0 0.05
Comorbidity 35 4 (28.7%) 8 (50%) 8 (66.6%) 8 (25.8%) 7 (25.9%) 0.04
  1. P value is significant at ≤ 0.05.