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Table 1 Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)-II suicidal symptoms according to sociodemographic characteristics, n (%)

From: Suicidality and depression among adult patients admitted in general medical facilities in Kenya

  BDI-II score Total P value
  0 1 2 3   
Age in years:       
18 to 20 247 (85.5%) 36 (12.5%) 3 (1%) 3 (1%) 289 (10.4%) NS
21 to 25 533 (90.8%) 45 (7.7%) 6 (1.0%) 3 (0.5%) 587 (21.1%)  
26 to 30 530 (89.8%) 54 (9.2%) 2 (0.3%) 4 (0.7%) 590 (21.2%)  
31 to 45 701 (88.6%) 80 (10.1%) 6 (0.8%) 4 (0.5%) 791 (28.5%)  
46 to 60 351 (91.1%) 25 (6.5%) 6 (1.6%) 3 (0.8%) 385 (13.9%)  
61 to 75 104 (92.0%) 8 (7.1%) 0 (0%) 1 (0.9%) 113 (4.1%)  
>75 23 (92%) 1 (4%) 1 (4%) 0 (0%) 25 (0.9%)  
Total 2,489 (89.5%) 249 (9.0%) 24 (0.9%) 18 (0.6%) 2,780 (100%)  
Sex:       
Male 1,148 (89.4%) 116 (9.0%) 12 (1%) 8 (0.6%) 1,284 (46.2%) NS
Female 1,341 (89.6%) 133 (8.9%) 12 (0.8%) 10 (0.7%) 1,496 (53.8%)  
Total 2,489 (89.5%) 249 (9.0%) 24 (0.9%) 18 (0.6%) 2,780 (100%)  
Religion:       
Christian 2,293 (89.9%) 217 (8.5%) 22 (0.9%) 15 (0.7%) 2,547 (91.6%) χ2 = 38.765, df = 12, P < 0.000
Muslim 87 (82.8%) 15 (14.3%) 1 (1%) 2 (1.9%) 105 (3.8%)  
Catholic 89 (92.7%) 6 (6.3%) 0 (0%) 1 (1%) 96 (3.5%)  
Hindu 2 (50%) 2 (50%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 4 (0.1%)  
Others 18 (57.1%) 9 (32.1%) 1 (3.8%) 0 (0%) 28 (1.0%)  
Total 2,489 (89.5%) 249 (9%) 24 (0.9%) 18 (0.6%) 2,780 (100%)  
Marital status:       
Single 863 (88.3%) 99 (10.1%) 10 (1%) 5 (0.6%) 977 (35.1%) χ2 = 48.453, df = 18, P < 0.000
Married 1,499 (91.0%) 129 (8.8%) 11 (0.7%) 8 (0.5%) 1,647 (59.2%)  
Polygamous 33 (84.6%) 5 (12.8%) 0 1 (2.7%) 39 (1.4%)  
Cohabiting 14 (77.7%) 3 (16.7%) 1 (5.6%) 0 (0%) 18 (0.6%)  
Separated 55 (86.0%) 6 (9.3%) 1 (1.6%) 2 (3.1%) 64 (2.3%)  
Divorced 20 (69.0%) 6 (20.7%) 1 (3.4%) 2 (6.9%) 29 (1.0%)  
Widowed 5 (83.3%) 1 (16.7%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 6 (0.2%)  
Total 2,489 (89.5%) 249 (9%) 24 (0.9%) 18 (0.6%) 2,780 (100%)  
Level of education:       
None 83 (94.3%) 5 (5.7%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 88 (3.2%) NS
Primary 831 (89.6%) 81 (8.7%) 8 (0.9%) 7 (0.8%) 927 (33.3%)  
Secondary 1,025 (88.7%) 112 (9.7%) 9 (0.8%) 9 (0.8%) 1,155 (41.5%)  
College 458 (90.3%) 43 (9.5%) 5 (1.3%) 1 (0.2%) 507 (18.2%)  
University 92 (89.3%) 8 (7.8%) 2 (1.9%) 1 (1%) 103 (3.7%)  
Total 2,489 (89.5%) 249 (9%) 24 (0.9%) 18 (0.6%) 2,780 (100%)  
  1. BDI-II scores: 0 = I do not have thoughts of killing myself; 1 = I have thoughts of killing myself, but I'd not carry them out; 2 = I'd like to kill myself; 3 = I'd kill myself if I had a chance. Education: primary = 1 to 8 years of formal education; secondary = 9 to 12 years of formal education; college and university = post secondary education.
  2. df = degrees pf freedom; NS = not significant.