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Table 2 Prevalence of depressive symptoms

From: Risky HIV sexual behaviour and depression among University of Nairobi students

  Moderate (%) Severe (%) Chi-square ( P value)
All 35.71 (30.03–36.20) 5.62 (3.90–6.89)  
Social demographic    
Age    
<20 30.65 (24.22–37.89) 6.45 (3.53–11.26) 0.0933
20–24 37.01 (32.71–41.51) 5.82 (3.97–8.40)  
25–29 27.50 (18.39–38.80) 6.25 (2.32–14.61)  
30 and above 50.94 (37.00–64.75) 1.89 (0.00–11.38)  
Gender    
Male 33.54 (29.39–37.96) 5.35 (3.59–7.84) 0.2598
Female 39.03 (33.94–44.37) 5.13 (3.16–8.13)  
Year of study    
First 36.26 (29.15–43.98) 7.60 (4.28–12.92) 0.2598
Second 35.74 (29.69–42.27) 4.26 (2.18–7.92)  
Third 38.33 (31.28–45.89) 5.56 (2.85–10.26)  
Fourth, fifth and sixth 33.63 (27.54–40.29) 4.48 (2.29–8.33)  
College    
CAVS 35.00 (23.44–48.48) 6.67 (2.16–17.00) 0.0745
CAE 38.24 (30.15–46.99) 6.62 (3.26–12.55)  
CBPS 34.33 (26.48–43.09) 5.22 (2.31–10.87)  
CEES 42.62 (35.42–50.14) 2.73 (1.01–6.60)  
CHS 14.81 (4.86–34.61) 0.00  
CHSS 33.33 (28.18–38.90) 7.37 (4.83–11.00)  
Marital status    
Married 37.21 (27.22–48.35) 4.65 (1.50–12.13) 0.9073
Single 35.56 (32.14–39.13) 5.61 (4.12–7.58)  
Religion    
Christian 36.55 (32.98–40.26) 5.04 (3.58–7.00) 0.3581
Muslim 29.09 (18.02–43.09) 7.27 (2.36–18.43)  
Other 33.68 (24.51–44.20) 9.47 (4.69–17.67)  
Residence    
On campus 35.27 (31.37–39.38) 6.70 (2.36–18.43) 0.0833
Off campus (on your own or with parents and guardians) 35.93 (30.26–42.00) 2.96 (1.38–5.98)  
Family background    
Wealthy/Quite well off 33.72 (29.30–38.43) 2.56 (1.35–4.67) <0.0001
Not very well off/Quite poor 37.44 (32.75–42.37) 8.87 (6.37–12.17)  
Academic performance    
Excellent/Very good 37.23 (32.62–42.08) 5.97 (3.98–8.79) 0.1754
Good/Satisfactory 30.17 (25.06–35.81) 5.76 (3.50–9.24)  
Not satisfactory 50.0 (18.76–81.23) 16.67 (0.87–63.52)  
Alcohol usage    
Alcohol use 38.9 (33.78–44.28) 5.76 (3.65–8.90) 0.2473
No Alcohol use 33.53 (29.46–37.85) 5.52 (3.78–7.98)  
Binge drinking    
Binge drinking 41.11 (33.92–48.69) 6.11 (3.24–10.95) 0.3160
Non-binge drinking 35.90 (27.39–45.35) 3.42 (1.10–9.04)  
Tobacco usage    
Tobacco use 37.63 (27.97–48.33) 13.98 (7.94–23.08) 0.0004
Non-tobacco use 33.83 (30.08–37.80) 4.50 (3.04–6.56)  
Sexual behaviour    
Number of partners for past 12 months    
None or 1 34.15 (30.29–38.24) 4.40 (2.93–6.52) 0.0195
≥2 38.81 (33.18–44.75) 8.04 (5.28–11.98)  
Consistent use of condom with partner 32.78 (28.37–37.51) 6.84 (4.71–9.79) 0.0967
Non–consistent use 38.60 (34.01–43.41) 4.42 (2.76–6.94)  
Sex after drinking past 3 months 46.75 (39.09–54.55) 5.33 (2.22–9.43) 0.0066
No sex after drinking past 3 months 33.50 (29.76–37.46) 4.73 (3.73–7.52)  
Ever diagnosed with STI 50.65 (39.10–62.13) 6.49 (2.42–15.15) 0.0101
Never diagnosed with STI 34.26 (30.82–37.87) 5.13 (3.69–7.07)  
Ever diagnosed with HIV 57.69 (37.19–76.03) 19.23 (7.31–39.98) <0.0001
Never diagnosed with HIV 34.58 (31.25–38.05) 4.88 (3.52–6.71)  
Ever been hit by a sexual partner 56.67 (43.30–69.18) 11.67 (5.21–23.18) <0.0001
Never been hit by sexual partner 34.05 (30.67–37.59) 4.67 (3.34–6.53)  
Ever been forced to have sex 65.12 (54.00–74.87) 9.30 (4.39–18.00) <0.0001
Never been forced to have sex 32.28 (30.11–37.10) 4.83 (3.43–6.72)  
Physically abused as a child 43.24 (31.94–55.24) 13.51 (7.02–23.91) 0.0007
Never physically abused as a child 34.83 (31.41–38.40) 4.63 (3.27–6.47)  
Sexually abused as a child 53.06 (38.42–67.22) 8.16 (2.65–20.48) 0.0122
Never sexually abused as a child 34.56 (31.20–38.09) 5.15 (3.73–7.01)