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Table 3 Associations between risky sexual behaviour (multiple sexual partners, inconsistent condom use) and mental health covariates

From: Risky HIV sexual behaviour and depression among University of Nairobi students

  Multiple sexual partners Inconsistent condom use
  Unadjusted odds Ratio (95% C.I) Adjusted odds ratio (95% C.I) Unadjusted odds ratio (95% C.I) Adjusted odds ratio (95% C.I)
Social demographic     
Age 0.95 (0.92–0.99)** 1.12 (1.00–1.28)* 0.85 (0.80–0.89)*** 0.90 (0.83–0.97)***
Gender     
Femalea     
Male 1.74(1.30–2.33)*** 4.10 (1.72–10.43) 0.87 (0.66–0.92)* 0.99 (0.67–1.47)***
Year of study     
First a     
Second 1.36 (0.92–2.03) 3.20 (0.93–11.69) 0.89 (0.61–1.31) -
Third 1.26 (0.82–1.93) 2.18 (0.58–8.56) 0.74 (0.49–1.12) -
Fourth, fifth and sixth 1.76 (1.17–2.67)** 3.05 (0.84–11.61) 0.80 (0.54–1.19) -
College     
CAVSa     
CAE 0.87 (0.43–1.67) 0.29 (0.04–2.06) 0.61 (0.33–1.11) 1.22 (0.52–2.86)
CBPS 0.54 (0.27–1.03) 0.99 (0.12–7.37) 0.40 (0.22–0.73)** 0.55 (0.23–1.31)
CEES 0.36 (0.19–0.67)** 0.52 (0.34–0.62)* 0.24 (0.13–0.43)*** 0.46 (0.18–1.13)
CHS 0.76 (0.29–2.05) 0.31 (0.03–2.55) 1.28 (0.51–3.36) 2.71 (0.76–10.46)
CHSS 0.73 (0.39–1.33) 0.67 (0.05–10.70) 0.63 (0.36–1.08) 0.76 (0.34–1.66)
Marital status     
Marrieda     
Single 1.08 (0.66–1.75) - 1.56 (0.98–1.92) -
Religion     
Christiana     
Muslim 1.53 (0.85–2.90) - 0.66 (0.38–1.14) -
Other 1.16 (0.75–1.85) - 0.60 (0.39–1.12) -
Residence     
On campusa     
Off campus (on your own or with parents and guardians) 1.18 (0.87–1.60) - 0.47 (0.35–1.42) -
Family background     
Wealthy/Quite well offa     
Not very well off/Quite poor 1.10 (0.83–1.45) - 1.05 (0.80–1.37) -
Academic performance     
Excellent/Very gooda     
Good/Satisfactory 0.94 (0.70–1.28) - 1.49 (0.07–1.99) -
Not satisfactory 1.03 (0.20–7.50) - 0.56 (0.08–2.90) -
Depression     
No depressiona     
Moderate 1.78 (1.57–2.05) 2.76 (1.83–3.11)** 1.80 (1.60–2.06)* 0.92 (0.61–1.39)
Severe 1.51 (1.27–1.95)* 2.01 (1.50–3.22)** 1.38 (0.75–2.59) 1.18 (0.47–2.97)
Alcohol use (reference = No) 2.07 (1.57–2.75)*** 3.68 (2.64–4.13)*** 1.55 (1.18–2.02)** 1.98 (0.64–2.52)
Binge drinking (reference = No) 1.82 (1.14–2.89)* 2.12 (1.85–2.46)** 1.18 (0.74–1.89) -
Tobacco use (reference = No) 3.36 (2.18–5.22)*** 2.26 (2.02–2.39)*** 1.97 (1.27–3.14)** 1.78 (1.44–2.87)**
Sexual behaviour     
Sex after drinking past 3 months (reference = No) 5.10 (3.58–7.33)*** 3.94 (1.62–10.17)* 3.81 (2.59–5.72)*** 3.77 (0.22–7.04)
Ever diagnosed with STI (reference = No) 3.70 (2.32–5.99)*** 6.48 (1.36–20.33)* 3.60 (2.12–6.44)*** 2.99 (1.21–4.50)*
Ever diagnosed with HIV (reference = No) 2.25 (0.97–5.25)   2.53 (1.04–7.09) -
Ever been hit by a sexual partner (reference = No) 2.33 (1.32–3.77)** 2.35 (0.44–3.77) 2.39 (0.33–4.36) 2.13 (0.11–6.23)
Ever been forced to have sex (reference = No) 1.74 (1.11–2.73)* 3.56 (0.92–4.61) 1.68 (1.07–2.69)* 5.29 (0.43–17.50)
Physically abused as a child (reference = No) 1.04 (0.63–1.67) - 1.01 (0.64–1.61) -
Sexually abused as a child (reference = No) 1.78 (0.98–3.20) 1.87 (1.52–2.11)** 2.20 (1.19–4.30)* 1.81 (0.92–3.21)
  1. Based on bivariate logistic regression estimates.
  2. *P < .05; **P < .01; ***P < .001.
  3. aReference level.
  4. C.I = confidence level.