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Table 1 Symptoms reflecting cognitive dysfunctions reported by patients in everyday clinical practice

From: The role of cognitive dysfunction in the symptoms and remission from depression

Cognitive function/domain Complaint Impact on everyday life Report of patient Exploratory questions
Attention Loses track of thoughts
Cannot pay attention
Difficulty concentrating
Cannot absorb information during conversation, watching a movie, or reading
Cannot concentrate on tasks
Lack of motivation
“I can’t concentrate”
“It seems as if I don’t pay attention to anything”
Is it difficult for you to read a magazine or to work with data at your workplace, or pay attention to tv or in a conversation?
Memory No short term memory
Cannot count
Does not remember everyday tasks
Needs lists and notes
Feels old
Loses or forgets things
At the workplace feels embarrassed and stupid
“I forget everything”
“I forget tasks, dates, meetings, and it is especially inconvenient at my workplace”
Does it happen that you can not find your keys, you do not remember names, or what you need to buy, or you lose track of tasks to do at home or work?
Executive functions Procrastination and delaying
No self-confidence
Inability to decide
Cannot deal with more than one thing simultaneously
Not enough self-confidence for decisions
Is afraid and anxious because of consequences
Avoids making decisions, is anxious because of decisions and delegates them to others
“I can’t decide in anything”
“I don’t dare to decide”
“I can’t make up my mind”
Is it difficult for you to make decisions at home or at work?
Does it require a big effort to start or complete tasks at home or work due to this? How does this influence your everyday life?
Psychomotor speed Brain is foggy
Slowed movement
Tiredness, lethargy
No energy
The smallest task takes a long time
Feels slowed down, and feels brain is not working
Cannot think
“My brain feels blocked” Do you feel your thinking is significantly slowed down?