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Table 3 Comparison of patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls

From: Disability assessment as an outcome measure: a comparative study of Nigerian outpatients with schizophrenia and healthy control

Variable Patients with Schizophrenia (n  = 100) Healthy controls (n  = 100) t value
Mean SD Mean SD
WHODAS-II (DSS)
 Disability summary score 28.08 11.59 8.34 8.23 13.88**
 Understanding and communicating (D1) 24.90 16.22 7.05 10.40 9.26**
 Getting around (D2) 7.37 13.42 7.00 11.17 0.22
 Self-care (D3) 3.20 8.97 0.90 3.21 2.41*
 Getting along (D4) 44.58 20.42 14.67 13.66 12.17**
 Life activities (5a) 29.50 20.71 10.00 16.33 7.39**
 Work activities (5b)a 20.75 17.34 7.92 12.41 5.37**
 Participation in society (D6) 47.75 13.29 9.92 10.93 21.99**
Zung’s SDS 43.50 12.21 37.36 7.63 ** 4.26**
  1. WHODAS-II World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule-Second Version
  2. aSchizophrenia (n = 63), normal subjects (n = 92)
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.001 (t tests)