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Table 3 Socio-demographic characteristics of study subgroups

From: Cognitive impairment in manic bipolar patients: important, understated, significant aspects

  Manic subgroup N = 54 Depressive subgroup N = 32 Euthymic subgroup N = 30 Mixed subgroup N = 21 p
Age (Y) 39.33 ± 6.94 39.56 ± 7.67 37.97 ± 7.17 38.81 ± 7.42 NS*
Gender
 Male 21 (41.2) 8 (15.7) 13 (25.5) 9 (17.6) NS**
 Female 33 (38.4) 24 (27.9) 17 (19.8) 12 (14) NS**
Education (Y) 15 (10–17) 12 (10–17) 15 (10–16) 15 (10–17) NS***
Occupational status
 Unemployed 14 (43.8) 8 (25) 0 (0) 10 (31.2) 0.001**
 Employed 25 (34.7) 13 (18.1) 24 (33.3) 10 (13.9) 0.001**
 Retired (medical) 15 (45.5) 11 (33.3) 6 (18.2) 1 (3) 0.001**
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SD for continuous parametric data, median (range) for continuous nonparametric data and absolute number (percent) for categorical data
  2. Y years, NS no statistical significant (p ≥ 0.05)
  3. * ANOVA; ** Chi square test; *** Kruskal–Wallis test