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Table 1 Neurocognitive domains assessed in the literature and neuropsychological tools used

From: The neurocognitive functioning in bipolar disorder: a systematic review of data



Premorbid IQ

Single-word reading score from the North American Adult Reading Test (NAART)

Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT)

Vocabulary subtest score from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

Current IQ

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

Psychomotor and mental speed

Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST)

Trail Making Test-A (TMT-A)

Reaction time tests


Continuous Performance Test (CPT)

Digits forward

Working memory

Digits backward

Verbal memory


California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT)

 Short delayed recall

Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)

 Long delayed recall

Wechsler Memory Scale-Logical Memory (WMS-LM)


Free recall

Non-verbal Memory

Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT)—Immediate and delayed recall

Wechsler Memory Scale-Visual Reproduction (WMS-VR)

Visuospatial function

Block design

Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT)-copy

Language/verbal fluency

Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWA-FAS)

Animal naming (AN)

Executive function

Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST)—categories achieved and perseverative errors

Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT)

Trail Making Test-B (TMT-B)