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Table 2 Risk factors for alcohol or cocaine versus heroin dependence at treatment entry, according to logistic regression (only significant results are reported), 2314 patients

From: Psychopathology of addiction: May a SCL-90-based five dimensions structure be applied irrespectively of the involved drug?

Primary substance of abusea B Odds ratio 95 % CI p
Alcohol
 Age 0.11 1.11 1.09–1.13 0.000
 Living alone 0.32 1.38 1.06–1.80 0.017
 Detoxified status 0.61 1.84 1.44–2.35 0.000
 SCL90 dominant groups
  Prominent sensitivity-psychoticismb 0.43 1.54 1.02–2.32 0.039
Cocaine
 Male gender 0.53 1.70 1.27–2.27 0.000
 Single marital status −0.53 0.59 0.43–0.80 0.001
 Detoxified status 0.45 1.57 1.29–1.92 0.000
 SCL90 dominant groups
  Prominent somatic symptomsb −0.39 0.68 0.48–0.95 0.023
  1. Statistics: Chi-square 375.88; df 20; p < 001
  2. This table includes SCL-90 factors as exposure variables, other demographic and clinical variables as possible confounders, and primary substance of abuse (alcohol or cocaine vs. heroin) as a dependent variable
  3. aConsidering heroin as reference primary substance of abuse
  4. bConsidering prominent worthlessness-being trapped symptoms as reference psychopathology