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Table 6 Religious coping and mental Illness in the total sample (N = 478)

From: The Greek-Orthodox version of the Brief Religious Coping (B-RCOPE) instrument: psychometric properties in three samples and associations with mental disorders, suicidality, illness perceptions, and quality of life

  Any mental illness Major depression Panic disorder Generalized anxiety disorder
Yes (N = 193) No (N = 285) Yes (N = 98) No (N = 285) Yes (N = 27) No (N = 285) Yes (N = 74) No (N = 285)
Positive Religious coping         
 Mean ± SD (Two-tailed t tests) 16.5 ± 6.5 14.8 ± 6.1*** 17.3 ± 6.5 15.0 ± 6.2*** 19.9 ± 5.9 15.2 ± 6.2*** 16.9 ± 6.1 15.2 ± 6.3*
 Odds ratios (95% CI)a 1.04 (1.014–1.075)** 1.07 (1.028–1.108)*** 1.13 (1.056–1.205)*** 1.06 (1.014–1.103)**
Negative Religious coping         
 Mean ± SD (Two-tailed t tests) 10.9 ± 4.4 9.3 ± 3.0*** 11.0 ± 4.4 9.7 ± 3.5*** 13.4 ± 5.2 9.8 ± 3.5*** 11.3 ± 4.6 9.7 ± 3.5***
 Odds ratios (95% CI)a 1.12 (1.062–1.117)*** 1.13 (1.063–1.204)*** 1.19 (1.104–1.292)*** 1.15 (1.077–1.234)***
  1. CI confidence intervals
  2. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05
  3. aBinary logistic regression analysis