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Table 2 Differences between psychiatrists and family physicians in knowledge scale

From: Knowledge of and attitudes towards electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) among psychiatrists and family physicians in Saudi Arabia

Knowledge scale Correct answer (better knowledge) P value
Psychiatrists N = (86) Family physicians N = (40) All N = (126)
ECT is used more often in Saudi Arabia than in the USA (F) 84 (97.7%) 35 (87.5%) 119 (94.4%) 0.020
ECT has been used for the first time in the 1930s (T) 54 (62.8%) 30 (75.0%) 84 (66.7%) 0.176
The anesthetic level during ECT should be as deep as possible (F) 70 (81.4%) 29 (72.5%) 99 (78.6%) 0.257
ECT is more effective, and helps to relieve depression faster than drugs do (T) 81 (94.2%) 22 (55.0%) 103 (81.7%) 0.0001
ECT is contraindicated in patients with prior history of myocardial infarction (F) 64 (74.4%) 21 (52.5%) 85 (67.5%) 0.015
In Saudi Arabia ECT can be administered only under general anesthesia (T) 75 (87.2%) 14 (35.0%) 89 (70.6%) 0.0001
ECT can be done in Saudi Arabia without muscle relaxation (F) 74 (86.0%) 28 (70.0%) 102 (81.0%) 0.033
ECT can be used over the age of 65 (T) 76 (88.4%) 14 (35.0%) 90 (71.4%) 0.0001
The longer the seizure duration, the more effective the treatment (F) 41 (47.7%) 35 (87.5%) 76 (60.3%) 0.0001
Recommended weekly frequency of the sessions are two or three (T) 79 (91.9%) 18 (45.0%) 97 (77.0%) 0.0001
Total knowledge score: mean (SD) 8.12 (1.25) 6.15 (1.25) 7.49 (1.55) 0.0001