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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of patients with different distress patterns (n = 491)

From: Psychological and somatic distress in Chinese outpatients at general hospitals: a cross-sectional study

  Low-distress group (n = 202) Somatically distressed group (n = 89) Psychologically distressed group (n = 51) Mixed distress group (n = 149) F/χ 2 value p value
Age (M ± SD) 46.5 ± 16.7a 47.7 ± 15.4a 41.2 ± 16.5b 42.4 ± 16.0b 3.6 .014
Female (%) 59.4 80.9 51.0 69.1 18.3 < .001
Insurance (yes %) 85.8 91.0 70.8 84.0 2.5 .060
Residence (%) 1.5 .219
 City 82.7 84.3 78.4 73.0   
 Rural 17.3 15.7 21.6 27.0   
Marital status (%) 1.0 .388
 Single 18.0 11.2 26.0 25.9   
 Married 64.5 68.5 48.0 58.5   
 Divorced/widowed 17.5 20.2 26.0 15.6   
Life situation (%) .8 .479
 Alone 9.5 11.4 17.6 15.2   
 With others 90.5 88.6 82.4 84.8   
Monthly family income (%) 3.1 .027
 Less than 4000 RMB 35.6b 36.4b 52.9a 47.6a   
 4000–8000 RMB 37.6 37.5 27.5 34.5   
 More than 8000 RMB 26.7 26.1 19.6 17.9   
Occupation (%) .3 .835
 Employed/student 39.0 33.0 43.1 41.9   
 Unemployed 37.4 38.6 27.5 29.7   
 Retired 23.6 28.4 29.4 28.4   
Education (%) 2.0 .115
 Elementary 10.0 13.5 6.0 11.8   
 College preparatory 46.5 48.3 48.0 54.2   
 University or higher 43.5 38.2 46.0 34.0   
Illness duration (%) 4.4 .004
 < 4 weeks 22.3 9.0 11.8 5.4   
 4 weeks–6 months 13.9 19.1 19.6 20.8   
 6 months–1 year 14.9 13.5 7.8 12.8   
 1–2 years 19.8 15.7 21.6 18.8   
 > 2 years 29.2b 42.7 39.2a 42.3a   
  1. Values with a were significantly higher than values with b in multi-group comparisons; age and gender were controlled for comparisons of other sociodemographic characteristics among the four distress groups
  2. Italic values indicate significance of p value (p<0.05)