Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Clinical characteristics, health-seeking behaviors, and health-related quality of life of patients with different distress patterns (n = 491)

From: Psychological and somatic distress in Chinese outpatients at general hospitals: a cross-sectional study

  Low-distress group (n = 202) Somatically distressed group (n = 89) Psychologically distressed group (n = 51) Mixed distress group (n = 149) F/χ 2 value p value
PHQ-15 total score 4.5 ± 2.6d 12.3 ± 2.3b 6.2 ± 2.3c 14.6 ± 5.3a 415.1 < .001
PHQ-9 total score 4.1 ± 2.8c 5.7 ± 2.4b 15.0 ± 4.8a 15.7 ± 5.2a 320.3 < .001
GAD-7 total score 2.7 ± 1.7b 3.7 ± 2.8b 11.3 ± 3.9a 10.9 ± 4.6a 155.6 < .001
WI-7 total score 2.6 ± 1.8c 4.0 ± 2.0b 4.0 ± 2.0b 5.0 ± 1.9a 44.2 < .001
SOC-9 total score 47.0 ± 8.1a 46.7 ± 9.1a 36.8 ± 10.2b 35.5 ± 10.0b 54.3 < .001
Doctor visits (%) 4.3 .005
 0–2 times 35.6 27.0 37.3 25.5   
 3–10 times 40.1 38.2 47.1 36.9   
 11–20 times 9.4 10.1 5.9 18.1   
 > 20 times 14.9 24.7 9.8 19.5   
PDRQ-9 total score 38.8 ± 5.7a 38.8 ± 5.7a 35.1 ± 7.2b 36.0 ± 7.3b 6.8 < .001
DDPRQ-10 total score 20.2 ± 7.3b 19.7 ± 6.9b 21.8 ± 6.4a 23.3 ± 7.0a 6.2 < .001
SF-12 PCS 46.4 ± 7.6a 44.6 ± 6.7a 44.7 ± 8.3a 41.6 ± 7.4b 13.7 < .001
SF-12 MCS 47.3 ± 8.9a 46.3 ± 8.6a 33.8 ± 8.7b 31.9 ± 10.3b 90.4 < .001
  1. Values with a were significant higher than values with b, values with b were significant higher than values with c, and values with c were significant higher than values with d in multi-group comparison. F/χ 2 values and p values were controlled for age and gender
  2. Italic values indicate significance of p value (p<0.05)