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Table 1 Association of general characteristics of participants with depression status

From: Depression is related to dietary diversity score in women: a cross-sectional study from a developing country

Characteristics Depression status F df a df b p value p trend
Normal
(n = 247)
M ± SD or n (%)
Mild/moderate
(n = 81)
M ± SD or n (%)
Severe
(n = 32)
M ± SD or n (%)
DASS (score) for depression 3.7 ± 2.7 14.2 ± 3.1 27.7 ± 4.3      
Age (years) 32.8 ± 6.2 30.0 ± 6.6 32.3 ± 5.6 6.1* 2 357 0.002** 0.03
Education (years) 11.6 ± 3.2 10.9 ± 3.2 10.0 ± 3.08 4.5* 2 357 0.01** 0.003
Weight (kg) 67 ± 9.9 67.1 ± 10.9 69.5 ± 8 0.8* 2 357 0.4** 0.3
Height (cm) 158.4 ± 5.4 158.8 ± 4.8 160 ± 5.3 1.1* 2 357 0.3** 0.1
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.7 ± 3.5 26.6 ± 4.1 27.2 ± 3.1 0.3* 2 357 0.7** 0.6
Energy (kcal) 1664.4 ± 692.9 1933.6 ± 734.4 1585.9 ± 823.5 4.9* 2 357 0.008** 0.3
Marital status
 Married 233 (94.3) 72 (88.9) 27 (84.4)   2   0.06***  
 Unmarried 14 (5.7) 9 (11.1) 5 (15.6)      
Household income (Toman)
 < 500,000 19 (7.8) 11 (13.9) 7 (21.9)   4   0.007***  
 500,000–1,000,000 142 (58.2) 49 (62) 22 (68.8)      
 ≥ 1,000,000 83 (34) 19 (24.1) 3 (9.4)      
Dietary supplement use
 Noc 197 (79.8) 64 (79) 23 (71.9)   2   0.6***  
 Yesd 50 (20.2) 17 (21) 9 (28.1)      
Physical activity
 Low 137 (55.5) 47 (58) 19 (59.4)   4   0.07***  
 Moderate 95 (38.5) 28 (34.6) 7 (21.9)      
 High 15 (6.1) 6 (7.4) 6 (18.8)      
  1. DASS depression, anxiety, stress scales
  2. F for ANOVA test
  3. ** p value is for ANOVA test, p < 0.05 is statistically significant *** p value is for X 2 test, p < 0.05 is statistically significant
  4. aBetween groups df
  5. bWithin groups df
  6. cLess than three times per week
  7. dThree or more times per week