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Table 3 Spearman’s correlation between daily nutrients, energy intake, and dietary diversity score

From: Depression is related to dietary diversity score in women: a cross-sectional study from a developing country

Dietary diversity score
Nutrients r* p value** Nutrients r* p value**
Energy (kcal) 0.2 < 0.001 Vitamin D (µg) 0.2 < 0.001
Protein (g) 0.4 < 0.001 Vitamin K (µg) 0.3 < 0.001
Carbohydrate (g) 0.2 < 0.001 Vitamin C (mg) 0.2 < 0.001
Fat (g) 0.2 < 0.001 Folate (µg) 0.4 < 0.001
Protein (% energy) 0.28 < 0.001 Thiamin (mg) 0.3 < 0.001
Carbohydrate (% energy) − 0.1 0.05 Riboflavin (mg) 0.4 < 0.001
Fat (% energy) 0.03 0.52 Niacin (mg) 0.3 < 0.001
SFA (g) 0.2 < 0.001 Pyridoxine (mg) 0.3 < 0.001
MUFA (g) 0.2 0.001 Cobalamin (µg) 0.3 < 0.001
PUFA (g) 0.1 0.006 Iron (mg) 0.3 < 0.001
DHA (g) 0.1 0.004 Zinc (mg) 0.4 < 0.001
EPA (g) − 0.5 0.3 Magnesium (mg) 0.3 < 0.001
Vitamin A (RE) 0.4 < 0.001 Selenium (mg) 0.2 < 0.001
Vitamin E (mg) 0.1 0.01    
  1. SFA saturated fatty acid, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid, PUFA poly unsaturated fatty acid, DHA docosahexaenoic acid, EPA eicosapentaenoic acid
  2. r is Spearman’s correlation coefficient
  3. ** p value is for Spearman’s correlation test, p < 0.05 is statistically significant