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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of suicide attempters with MDD and with no psychiatric diagnosis

From: Comparison of the characteristics of suicide attempters with major depressive disorder and those with no psychiatric diagnosis in emergency departments of general hospitals in China

  MDD (n = 54) No psychiatric diagnosis (n = 73) T P
Mean SD Mean SD
Age, years 36.39 15.39 29.88 14.29 2.46 0.02
Score on HAMD 27.70 7.78 6.56 5.49 17.07 0.000
  1. HAMD Hamilton Depression Rating Scale
  N % N % χ 2 P
Gender 0.04 0.83
 Men 11 20.40 16 21.90   
 Women 43 79.60 57 78.10   
Race 3.35 0.07
 Han 47 87.00 70 95.90   
 Minority 7 13.00 3 4.10   
Marital status 13.61 0.01
 Never married 18 33.30 29 39.70   
 Married 24 44.40 33 45.20   
 Cohabitation 3 5.60 10 3.70   
 Divorced/separated 4 7.40 0 0   
 Widowed 5 9.30 1 1.40   
Employment status 13.53 0.004
 Employment 30 55.60 46 63.00   
 Unemployment 20 37.00 12 16.40   
 Student 1 1.90 12 16.40   
 Housewife 3 5.60 3 4.10   
Living situation 12.89 0.01
 Solitary 9 16.70 1 1.40   
 Shared accommodation 3 5.60 11 15.10   
 Living with family 38 70.40 51 69.90   
 Cohabitation 4 7.40 10 13.70   
Annual income of family
 Low (≤ 10,000) 13 24.10 10 13.70 2.43 0.30
 Medium (10,001–50,000) 27 50.00 44 60.30   
 High (> 50,000) 14 25.90 19 26.0   
Educational level 6.17 0.10
 Illiterate 4 7.40 7 9.60   
 Elementary school 24 44.40 38 52.10   
 High school 13 24.10 22 30.10   
 College 13 24.10 6 8.20   
Religious beliefs 0.71 0.40
 No 48 88.90 68 93.20   
 Yes 6 11.10 5 6.80   
  1. HAMD Hamilton Depression Rating Scale