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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of suicide attempters with MDD and with no psychiatric diagnosis

From: Comparison of the characteristics of suicide attempters with major depressive disorder and those with no psychiatric diagnosis in emergency departments of general hospitals in China

Characteristics MDD (n = 54) No psychiatric diagnosis (n = 73) χ 2 df P
N % N %
Method of suicide attempts 0.76 2 0.69
 Self-poisoning 50 92.60 67 91.80    
 Self-injury 4 7.40 5 6.80    
 Other 0 0 1 1.40    
Previous episodes of suicide attempts 0.75 1 0.39
 No 41 75.90 60 82.20    
 Yes 13 24.10 13 17.80    
Family history of suicide attempts 0.73 1 0.39
 No 52 96.30 72 98.60    
 Yes 1 3.70 1 1.40    
Alcohol use at the time of the episode or up to 12 h before 0.004 1 0.95
 No 49 90.70 66 90.40    
 Yes 5 9.30 7 9.60    
Self-rescue 7.19 1 0.01
 No 53 98.10 61 83.60    
 Yes 1 1.90 12 16.40    
Motive of suicide attempt 21.79 2 0.000
 Deceased pain and burden 40 74.10 24 32.90    
 Threatened or revenged others 9 16.70 38 52.10    
 Other 5 9.30 11 15.10    
Suicide note 5.15 1 0.02
 No 43 79.60 68 93.20    
 Yes 11 20.40 5 6.80    
Funeral arrangements 1.50 1 0.22
 No 50 92.60 71 97.30    
 Yes 4 7.40 2 2.70    
Seeking for help 2.16 1 0.14
 No 47 87.00 56 76.70    
 Yes 7 13.00 17 23.30    
Impulsive suicide attempts 28.90 1 0.000
 No 43 79.60 23 31.50    
 Yes 11 20.40 50 68.50    
Suicide ideation 48.23 1 0.000
 No 2 3.70 47 64.40    
 Yes 52 96.30 26 35.60    
Score on quality of life (Mean, SD) 39.58 10.07 58.22 11.28 − 9.63   0.000