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Table 1 The SAPROF-17 factors and expected changes during treatment

From: Strength-based assessment for future violence risk: a retrospective validation study of the Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) Japanese version in forensic psychiatric inpatients

  Expected changes during treatment
Internal factors
 1. Intelligence Static
 2. Secure attachment in childhood Static
 3. Empathy Improving
 4. Coping Improving
 5. Self-control Improving
Motivational factors
 6. Work Improving
 7. Leisure activities Improving
 8. Financial management Improving
 9. Motivation for treatment Improving
 10. Attitudes toward authority Improving
 11. Life goals Improving
 12. Medication Improving
External factors
 13. Social network Improving
 14. Intimate relationship Improving
 15. Professional care Decreasing
 16. Living circumstances Decreasing
 17. External control Decreasing