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Table 2 Sensitivity analysis of all studies based on study quality and status of the country where the study was conducted

From: A systematic review and meta-analysis of gender difference in epidemiology of HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections in people with severe mental illness

Subgroups Studies, n Prevalence (%) 95% CI Type of infectious disease Gender Heterogeneity between groups (P value)
Country       0.989
 Developed 15 7.47 3.79–14.28 HIV Both  
 Developing 10 7.52 3.75–14.51 HIV Both  
Country       0.710
 Developed 8 7.72 3.09–18.02 HIV Men  
 Developing 5 6.13 2.73–13.20 HIV Men  
Country       0.660
 Developed 7 7.11 242–19.09 HIV Women  
 Developing 5 9.63 2.73–22.70 HIV Women  
Quality of studies       0.058
 High 14 5.21 2.87–9.28 HIV Both  
 Moderate and poor 11 12.13 6.29–22.10 HIV Both  
Quality of studies       0.352
 High 7 6.43 2.96–13.39 HIV Women  
 Moderate and poor 5 12.03 3.95–31.24 HIV Women  
Quality of studies       0.059
 High 7 4.42 2.19–8.72 HIV Men  
 Moderate and poor 6 11.99 3.95–31.24 HIV Men  
Country       0.059
 Developed 3 19.37 8.84–37.32 HBV Both  
 Developing 1 7.53 4.03–13.62 HBV Both  
Country       0.167
 Developed 3 23.19 7.17–54.14 HBV Men  
 Developing 1 9.43 5.15–16.65 HBV Men  
Country       0.172
 Developed 3 15.66 3.79–46.68 HBV Women  
 Developing 1 4.88 1.84–12.29 HBV Women  
Quality of studies       0.370
 High 1 10.75 5.62–19.60 HBV Both  
 Moderate and poor 3 17.38 7.22–36.26 HBV Both  
Quality of studies       0.609
 High 1 14.38 10.84–18.83 HBV Men  
 Moderate and poor 3 20.57 4.85–56.80 HBV Men  
Quality of studies       0.458
 High 1 7.55 4.67–11.96 HBV Women  
 Moderate and poor 3 13.97 2.76–48.17 HBV Women  
Country       0.182
 Developed 4 6.21 3.56–10.62 HCV Both  
 Developing 1 12.10 5.29–25.35 HCV Both  
Country       0.031
 Developed 4 7.61 3.46–15.94 HCV Men  
 Developing 1 17.58 14.52–21.12 HCV Men  
Country       0.352
 Developed 4 4.65 1.65–12.41 HCV Women  
 Developing 1 7.82 5.04–11.93 HCV Women  
Quality of studies       0.135
 High 4 6.46 3.75–10.88 HCV Both  
 Poor 1 10.99 6.93–17.00 HCV Both  
Quality of studies       0.940
 High 4 9.20 4.33–18.49 HCV Men  
 Poor 1 8.89 5.12–15.00 HCV Men  
Quality of studies       0.017
 High 1 4.17 1.80–9.37 HCV Women  
 Poor 3 14.08 7.75–24.24 HBV Women  
  1. HIV human immunodeficiency virus infection, HBV hepatitis B virus, HCV hepatitis C virus