Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval for the association between demographic characteristics and depressive symptoms

From: Prevalence of postpartum depression and interventions utilized for its management

Variables Depressive symptoms Univariate Multivariate*
Present (n = 18) Not present (n = 239) OR (95% CI) p value AOR (95% CI) p value
Age
 < 40 10 109 1.10 (0.48–2.48) 0.797 0.85 (0.19–3.09) 0.698
 > 40 8 130 1.00   1.00  
Marital status
 Married 7 135 1.02 (0.44–2.35) 0.838 1.62 (0.41–5.66) 0.529
 Not married 11 104 1.00   1.00  
Ethnicity
 Akan 2 130 1.00   1.00  
 Ga/Adagme 1 46 2.01 0.139 1.21 (0.28–6.27) 0.706
 Ewe 1 16 1.00    
 Gonja 4 47 12.5 (3.54–45.49) < 0.001 8.46 (1.57–65.2) 0.014
Education
 No formal education 3 10 1.00   1.00  
 JHS/SHS 6 109 0.89 (0.41–3.02) 0.797 1.29 (0.35–4.81) 0.122
 Certificate/diploma 6 101 2.86 (1.13–20.28) 0.121 1.31 (0.04–2.19) 0.211
 Bachelors 3 19 1.00   1.00  
 Masters 0 0 1.00   1.00  
Occupation
 Employed 12 223 8.21 (3.12–20.18) < 0.001 4.72 (1.021–14.01) 0.044
 Unemployed 6 16 1.00   1.00  
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio
  2. * Mutually adjusted