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Table 1 Stepwise multiple regression models for HRQOL and associated psychological factors

From: Personality traits and health-related quality of life: the mediator role of coping strategies and psychological distress

Variable Model 1 HRQOL (SF-12 PCS)a Model 2 HRQOL (SF-12 MCS)b
β SE R 2 β SE R 2
Emotional coping style 0.19** 7.1 0.03    
Emotional coping style × openness 0.18** × − 0.16** 7.0 0.05    
Emotional coping style × openness × ZSAS 0.27** × − 0.18** ×  −  0.14* 6.9 0.07    
Emotional coping style × Openness × ZSAS × Task-oriented coping style 0.28** × − 0.14* × − 0.19** × − 0.15* 6.9 0.08    
HADS     − 0.58** 14.0 0.32
HADS × emotional coping style     − 0.40** × − 0.33** 13.2 0.39
HADS × emotional coping style × ZSAS     − 0.30** × − 0.27** × − 0.18** 13.0 0.41
HADS × emotional coping style × ZSAS × openness     − 0.27** × − 0.28** × − 0.17** × 0.10* 12.9 0.42
  1. ZSAS Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, SE standard error
  2. * Significant at p < 0.05
  3. ** Significant after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing
  4. aModel 1: Outcome variable measured with 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey-Physical Component Score
  5. bModel 2: Outcome variable measured with 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey-Mental Component Score