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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with perceived cause of schizophrenia by Holy Trinity Theological College students Addis Ababa Ethiopia 2016

From: Perceptions of the causes of schizophrenia and associated factors by the Holy Trinity Theological College students in Ethiopia

Variables Categories Biological COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
No Yes
Age     1.07 (0.98, 1.049) 1.99 (0.96, 1.03)
Marital status Single 191 32 1.00  
Marred 157 29 1.13 (0.63, 1.9)  
Residency Urban 165 50 5.04 (2.53, 10.1) 3.33 (1.63, 6.8)***
Rural 183 11 1.00 1.00
Background profession Yes 119 48 7.1 (3.7, 13.6) 5.17 (2.67, 10.23)***
No 229 13 1.00 1.00
Family Hx of mental illness Yes 95 16 0.9 (0.5, 1.75)  
No 253 45 1.00  
Previous Hx of mental illness Yes 11 2 1.03 (0.22, 4.80)  
No 337 59 1.00  
Sources of information Social media     
 Yes 268 54 0.77 (0.44, 1.34) 0.27 (0.73, 4.25)
 No 80 7 1.00 1.00
Mass media     
 Yes 202 39 1.28 (0.72, 2.25)  
 No 146 22 1.00  
Health professional     
 Yes 170 26 2.33 (1.08, 5.26)  
 No 178 35   
  1. p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
Variables Categories Psychosocial COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
No Yes
Age    0.9 (0.9, 0.99) 0.98 (0.9, 1.03)
Marital status Single 40 183 1.00 1.00
Marred 56 130 0.50 (0.3, 0.8) 0.46 (0.25, 0.86)*
Residency Urban 38 117 1.98 (1.24.3.16) 1.72 (1.03, 2.86)*
Rural 58 136 1.00 1.00
Background profession Yes 32 135 1.51 (0.93, 2.45) 1.43 (0.83, 2.46)
No 64 178 1.00 1.00
Family Hx of mental illness Yes 27 84 0.93 (0.56, 1.56)  
No 69 229 1.00  
Previous Hx of mental illness Yes 4 4 0.68 (0.20, 2.26)  
No 92 304 1.00  
Sources of information Mass media     
 Yes 46 195 1.79 (1.33, 2.85) 1.99 (1.22, 3.26)**
 No 50 118 1.00 1.00
Social media     
 Yes 73 249 1.26 (0.72, 2.11)  
 No 23 64 1.00  
Health profession     
 Yes 35 161 1.89 (1.15, 2.95) 1.88 (1.15, 3.07)*
 No 61 152 1.00  
  1. p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
Variables Categories Supernatural/spiritual COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
No Yes
Age   1.07 (0.9, 1.04) 1.07 (0.98, 1.05)
Marital status Single 179 44 1.33 (0.83, 2.13) 0.78 (0.41, 1.48)
Marred 140 46 1.00 1.00
Residency Urban 189 26 1.00 1.00
Rural 130 64 3.57 (2.15, 5.9) 3.17 (1.8, 5.34)***
Background profession Yes 142 25 1.00 1.00
No 177 65 2.08 (1.25, 3.47) 1.58 (0.9, 2.77)
Family Hx of mental illness Yes 86 25 1.00  
No 233 65 0.96 (0.56, 1.62)  
Previous Hx of mental illness Yes 11 2 1.00  
No 308 88 1.57 (0.34, 7.22)  
Sources of information Mass media     
 Yes 194 47 1.00 1.00
 No 125 43 1.420 (0.88, 2.274) 1.49 (0.91, 2.45)
Social media     
 Yes 253 69 1.00  
 No 60 21 1.16 (0.66, 2.040)  
Health professional     
 Yes 160 36 1.00 1.00
 No 159 54 1.59 (0.93, 2.42) 0.78 (0.41, 1.48)
  1. p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001