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Table 3 Factors associated with depression among people living with HIV/AIDS at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Ethiopia, 2016/2017

From: Prevalence and associated factors of depression among patients with HIV/AIDS in Hawassa, Ethiopia, cross-sectional study

Characteristics Depression COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes No
Sex
 Female 140 132 1.49 (0.96, 2.34) 1.44 (0.82, 2.52)
 Male 46 65 1 1
Age
 18–34 74 67 1.34 (0.61, 2.92) 1.31 (0.51,3.38)
 35–44 62 87 0.86 (0.397, 1.885) 0.86 (0.34,2.14)
 45–54 36 26 1.68 (0.71, 4.01) 1.59 (0.61, 4.18)
 > 54 14 17 1 1
Educational level
 Unable to read and write 34 34 1.23 (0.63, 2.43)  
 Primary education 74 64 1.43 (0.79, 2.26)  
 Secondary education 48 62 0.96 (0.52, 1.76)  
 Tertiary education 30 37 1 1
Marital status
 Married 88 90 1.52 (0.86, 2.67) 1.76 (0.89, 3.46)
 Separated 7 12 0.91 (0.32, 2.59) 0.83 (0.24,2.87)
 Divorced 22 23 1.48 (0.69, 3.17) 1.28 (0.52, 3.15)
 Widowed/widower 42 30 2.17 (1.11, 4.27) 1.78 (0.72,4.38)
 Single 27 42 1 1
Monthly income
 < 735 ETB 105 94 1.67 (1.07, 2.60) 1.60 (0.95, 2.68)
 735–1176 27 22 1.84 (0.95, 3.56) 1.40 (0.67,2.95)
 > 1176 54 81 1 1
Substance use
 Yes 37 35 1.13 (0.68,1.92)  
 No 149 162 1 1
ART taking
 Yes 173 184 0.940 (0.42, 2.08)  
 No 13 13 1 1
HIV/AIDS stages
 Stage II 74 88 0.94 (0.59, 1.46) 0.77 (0.46, 1.29)
 Stage III 31 27 1.27 (0.69, 2.35) 1.02 (0.49, 2.10)
 Stage IV 10 3 3.71 (0.98, 14.02) 2.79 (0.64, 12.09)
 Stage I 71 79 1 1
Perceived stigma
 Yes 108 60 3.16 (2.08, 4.82) 2.83 (1.78, 4.48)**
 No 78 137 1 1
Social support
 Poor 104 155 1.21 (0.39, 3.71) 2.53 (1.70, 9.13)**
 Moderate 77 33 4.20 (1.31,13.48) 7.09 (1.91, 26.29)*
 Strong 5 9 1 1
CD4
 < 200 23 10 2.30 (0.73, 7.25) 3.89 (1.02, 14.83)*
 200–1000 153 177 0.86 (0.35, 2.13) 1.27 (0.47, 3.47)
 ≥ 1000 10 10 1 1
  1. Depression (Yes)-PHQ ≥ 11, * significant association (p-value < 0.05) ** significant association (p-value < 0.01)
  2. Italic values represent references of the variable