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Table 1 Characteristic of study participants according to quartiles of total vegetables and fruits intake

From: Fruits and vegetables intake and its subgroups are related to depression: a cross-sectional study from a developing country

  Quartiles of total vegetables and fruits intake
1
(n = 100)
2
(n = 100)
3
(n = 100)
4
(n = 100)
p-trenda
g/day (median) 233.9 332.1 378.3 451.6  
Age (years) 33.3 ± 7 34.0 ± 7.7 34.2 ± 7.5 34.1 ± 7.1 0.4
Education (years) 12.1 ± 3.4 12.8 ± 3.1 12.5 ± 3.1 12.4 ± 3.8 0.6
BMI (kg/m2) 25.7 ± 3 26.2 ± 3.36 26.3 ± 2.6 25.5 ± 3 0.7
Physical activity (MET/h/week) 487.4 ± 275.6 473.1 ± 292.5 546.7 ± 247.9 500.7 ± 340.5 0.3
Height (cm) 161.6 ± 4.7 161.5 ± 4.7 161.8 ± 4.1 161.9 ± 4.7 0.5
Weight (kg) 66.8 ± 7.9 67.9 ± 9.6 68.8 ± 7.3 66.4 ± 7.7 0.9
Family size (n) 4.3 ± 1.3 4.5 ± 1.1 4.4 ± 1.3 4.4 ± 1.4 0.7
Dietary supplement use (%) 45 (45%) 49 (49%) 47 (47%) 53 (53%) 0.5b
Energy intake (kcal) 1579.6 ± 288.5c 1614.5 ± 266 1629.4 ± 289.6 1752.1 ± 355.6 < 0.001
Protein intake (g) 56 ± 9.5c 58.7 ± 10.1 59.5 ± 9.7 64.8 ± 11.5 < 0.001
Carbohydrate intake (g) 218.5 ± 47.1c 237 ± 44.5 240.1 ± 48.6 261 ± 57.4 < 0.001
Fat intake (g) 52.8 ± 13.7c 48 ± 11.3 48 ± 13.1 50.8 ± 15.2 0.003d
Energy of protein (%) 14.2 ± 1.2 14.6 ± 1.4 14.6 ± 1.3 14.8 ± 1.4 0.001
Energy of carbohydrate (%) 55.6 ± 5.3 58.9 ± 4.3 59.2 ± 5.2 59.7 ± 4.4 < 0.001d
Energy of fat (%) 30.6 ± 5.7 27.1 ± 4.6 27 ± 5.2 26.4 ± 4.5 < 0.001d
Total fiber intake (g) 38.9 ± 18.2c 42.8 ± 14.4 40.5 ± 16.8 46.8 ± 18.7 < 0.001d
Healthy eating index score 46.6 ± 5.3e 47 ± 4.8 48.3 ± 6.1 50.4 ± 7.6 < 0.001d
  1. Values are means (standard deviations) or percentages unless stated otherwise
  2. Vegetables include white cabbage, red cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, spinach, lettuce, vegetable greens, carrot, yellow squash, cucumber, tomato, green squash, eggplant, celery, green peas, green beans, garlic, onion, bell peppers, turnip, mushroom, green peppers, olive, corn, leek and artichoke
  3. Fruits include strawberry, blackberry, mulberry, orange, tangerine, sweet lemon, sour lemon, dried berries, grapefruit, cantaloupe, melon, pears, apricot, cherry, apple, plum, peach, persimmon, nectarine, greengage, figs, kiwi fruit, pomegranate, date, plum, sour cherry, banana, apple juice, cantaloupe juice, grapes, raisin, dry peach and apricot, fruit juice
  4. aANOVA
  5. bChi-square test
  6. cGeometric mean ± SEM
  7. dKruskal–Wallis test
  8. eMedian ± interquartile range