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Table 2 Characteristic of study participants according to quartiles of total vegetables intake

From: Fruits and vegetables intake and its subgroups are related to depression: a cross-sectional study from a developing country

  Quartiles of total vegetables intake
1
(n = 100)
2
(n = 100)
3
(n = 100)
4
(n = 100)
p-trenda
g/day (median) 119.6 170.6 200.6 251.7  
Age (years) 34.3 ± 7.5 32.7 ± 7.1 34.3 ± 7.4 34.3 ± 7.1 0.5
Education (years) 12 ± 3.6 13 ± 3 12.7 ± 3.4 12.2 ± 3.4 0.8
BMI (kg/m2) 25.9 ± 3.2 25.6 ± 2.6 25.9 ± 3.1 26.4 ± 3.1 0.1
Physical activity (MET/h/week) 497 ± 292.4 510 ± 273.2 473 ± 256.8 527.8 ± 338.1 0.6
Height (cm) 161.4 ± 4.7 161.7 ± 4.9 162 ± 4.3 161.8 ± 4.4 0.4
Weight (kg) 66.7 ± 7.4 66.9 ± 8 68 ± 9 68.3 ± 8.5 0.1
Family size (n) 4.5 ± 1.2 4.3 ± 1.3 4.4 ± 1.3 4.4 ± 1.2 0.8
Dietary supplement use (%) 50 (50%) 46 (46%) 57 (57%) 41 (41%) 0.5b
Energy intake (kcal) 1600.3 ± 276.5c 1606.6 ± 289.7 1632.7 ± 274.5 1734.4 ± 366.0 0.001
Protein intake (g) 56.9 ± 9.1c 58.0 ± 10.5 59.6 ± 8.9 64.5 ± 12.2 < 0.001
Carbohydrate intake (g) 224.6 ± 50.7c 238.4 ± 47.1 240.6 ± 50.1 251.9 ± 56.1 < 0.001
Fat intake (g) 51.7 ± 13.3c 47.0 ± 11.5 48.4 ± 11.4 52.7 ± 16.5 0.004d
Energy of protein (%) 14.2 ± 1.4 14.5 ± 1.2 14.6 ± 1.2 14.9 ± 1.4 < 0.001
Energy of carbohydrate (%) 56.4 ± 6 59.5 ± 4.2 59.1 ± 4.7 58.3 ± 4.7 < 0.001d
Energy of fat (%) 29.7 ± 6.1 26.6 ± 4.3 27.1 ± 5 27.7 ± 5 < 0.001d
Total fiber intake (g) 40.8 ± 18.4c 42.3 ± 16.8 40.9 ± 17.0 44.7 ± 16.9 0.034d
Healthy eating index score 46.9 ± 5.6e 48.7 ± 6.6 47.6 ± 4.5 49 ± 7.5 0.06d
  1. Values are means (standard deviations) or percentages unless stated otherwise
  2. Total vegetables are defined as in Table 1
  3. aANOVA
  4. bChi-square test
  5. cGeometric mean ± SEM
  6. dKruskal–wallis test
  7. eMedian ± interquartile range