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Table 3 Characteristic of study participants according to quartiles of total fruits intake

From: Fruits and vegetables intake and its subgroups are related to depression: a cross-sectional study from a developing country

  Quartiles of total fruits intake
1
(n = 100)
2
(n = 100)
3
(n = 100)
4
(n = 100)
p-trendb
g/day (median) 103.7 177.8 229.6 229.6  
Age (years) 34 ± 7.3 33.4 ± 7.7 34.8 ± 6.8 33.4 ± 7.3 0.8
Education (years) 12.1 ± 3.5 12.8 ± 3.1 12.2 ± 3.3 12.7 ± 3.6 0.3
BMI (kg/m2) 26.3 ± 3 25.8 ± 3.1 26 ± 2.7 25.6 ± 3.1 0.1
Physical activity (MET/h/week) 474.7 ± 287.9 495.5 ± 235.7 515.9 ± 282.7 521.8 ± 349.6 0.2
Height (cm) 161.8 ± 4.6 162.1 ± 4.4 161 ± 4.3 161.9 ± 4.9 0.6
Weight (kg) 68.5 ± 8.8 67.6 ± 9 67.1 ± 6.9 66.7 ± 8.1 0.1
Family size (n) 4.3 ± 1.3 4.3 ± 1.2 4.6 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 4.3 0.7
Dietary supplement use (%) 37 (37%) 56 (56%) 42 (42%) 59 (59%) 0.5c
Energy intake (kcal) 1603 ± 273.3d 1561.3 ± 254.6 1689.6 ± 350.8 1721.8 ± 319.2 0.001
Protein intake (g) 57.0 ± 9.9d 57.0 ± 9.6 62.2 ± 11.5 62.8 ± 10.3 0.001
Carbohydrate intake (g) 218.2 ± 45.3d 227.9 ± 42.9 250.7 ± 51.2 260.3 ± 55.6 0.001
Fat intake (g) 56.8 ± 12.6d 48.2 ± 10.5 50.9 ± 16.4 49.6 ± 12.6 < 0.001e
Energy of protein (%) 14.3 ± 1.4 14.6 ± 1.3 14.7 ± 1.1 14.6 ± 1.4 0.051
Energy of carbohydrate (%) 54.7 ± 5 58.5 ± 4.2 59.5 ± 4.5 60.6 ± 4.5 < 0.001e
Energy of fat (%) 31.6 ± 5.6 27.5 ± 4.5 26.4 ± 4.5 25.6 ± 4.4 < 0.001e
Total fiber intake (g) 42.7 ± 16.4d 43.5 ± 15.7 45.6 ± 16.3 50.6 ± 19.6 < 0.001e
Healthy eating index score 47.1 ± 5.3f 46.6 ± 4.7 47.4 ± 6.9 50.4 ± 6.0 < 0.001e
  1. Values are means (standard deviations) or percentages unless stated otherwise
  2. Total fruits were defined as in Table 1
  3. aANOVA
  4. bChi square test
  5. cGeometric mean ± SEM
  6. dKruskal–Wallis test
  7. eMedian ± interquartile range