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Table 1 Participants’ baseline characteristics by study group

From: Effect of fish oil omega-3 fatty acids on reduction of depressive symptoms among HIV-seropositive pregnant women: a randomized, double-blind controlled trial

Baseline characteristic Fish oil intervention group (N = 109) Soybean oil control group (N = 107)
Continuous variables (median (IQR))
 Age (single years) 26 (22–30) 26 (22–30)
 Gestation age (weeks) 22 (18–24) 22 (19–24)
 CD4 count (cells/mm3) 361 (287– 440) 360 (288–414)
 Weight (Kg) 60.5 (54.2–66.4) 62.0 (57.2–69.0)
 MUAC (cm) 26.0 (23.9–27.6) 26.0 (24.3–28.0)
 Household income per month (KSh) 6000 (3000–8000) 5025 (3000–8000)
 BDI-II depressive symptom scores 20 (16–25) 21 (17–25)
Categorical variables (n (%))
 Age group (in years)
  Young = 15–25 53/109 (48.6) 48/107 (44.8)
  Not young 26–45 56/109 (51.4) 59/107 (55.1)
 Marital status
  Single (not married, divorced, widowed) 27/109 (24.8) 22/107 (20.6)
  Married 82/109 (75.2) 85/107 (79.4)
 Parity status
  First pregnancy 24/109 (22.0) 24/107 (22.4)
  Not a first pregnancy 85/109 (78.0) 83/107 (77.6)
 Education status
  No high school education 55/109 (50.4) 55/107 (51.4)
  At least high school education 54/109 (49.5) 52/107 (48.6)
 Employment status
  Not in gainful employment 61/109 (56.0) 64/107 (59.8)
  In gainful employment 48/109 (44.0) 43/107 (40.2)
 Household income status per month
  Below poverty line (less than Ksh.2913) 16/91 (17.5) 20/94 (19.4)
  At least on poverty line (at least Ksh.2913) 75/91 (82.4) 74/94 (78.7)
 Experienced stressful life events
  No stressful event 2 weeks before the study 73/109 (66.7) 75/107 (70.1)
  Had stressful event 2 weeks before the study 36/109 (33.0) 32/107 (30.0)
 CD4 cell count levels**
  Less than 350 cells/mm3 44/108 (40.7) 47/107 (43.9)
  350–500 cells/mm3 64/108 (59.3) 60/107 (56.1)
 Knew HIV status before pregnancy
  Newly tested (Less than 6 months) 56/109 (51.4) 56/107 (52.3)
  Known positive (KP) 6 months or more 53/109 (48.6) 51 (47.6)
 HIV status disclosure to anyone
  Status not disclosed to anyone 18/109 (16.5) 25/107 (23.4)
  Status disclosed to someone 91/109 (83.5) 82/107 (76.6)
 PMTCT support group meetings attendance
  Not attended support group meeting 62/109 (56.8) 54/107 (50.4)
  Attended support group meeting 47/109 (43.1) 53/107 (49.5)
  1. **CD4 cell count levels: Fish oil—n = 108 (1 participant with missing CD4 was lost to follow-up)