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Table 1 Group comparisons of sociodemographic characteristics according to the presence of depression

From: Life satisfaction and happiness associated with depressive symptoms among university students: a cross-sectional study in Korea

Socio-demographic variables Depressive symptoms t/χ2 p
No (BDI < 16) N (%) or mean ± SD 2024 (86.6) Yes (BDI ≥ 16) N (%) or mean ± SD 314 (13.4) Total N (%) or mean ± SD 2338 (100.0)
Age (years) 23.8 ± 4.2 23.3 ± 4.0 23.7 ± 4.2 1.82 0.069
Gender
 Male 962 (47.5) 109 (34.7) 1071 (45.8) 17.99 < 0.001
 Female 1062 (52.5) 205 (65.3) 1267 (54.2)
Grade
 Freshman 346 (17.1) 58 (18.5) 404 (17.3) 2.75 0.432
 Sophomore 856 (42.3) 132 (42.0) 988 (42.3)
 Junior 734 (36.3) 105 (33.4) 839 (35.9)
 Senior 87 (4.3) 19 (6.1) 106 (4.5)
Religion
 No 1034 (51.1) 168 (53.5) 1202 (51.4) 5.60 0.231
 Christianity 573 (28.3) 71 (22.6) 644 (27.5)
 Catholicism 264 (13.0) 51 (16.2) 315 (13.5)
 Buddhism 139 (6.9) 22 (7.0) 161 (6.9)
 Other religions 14 (0.7) 2 (0.6) 16 (0.7)
Subjective body shape
 Obese 704 (34.8) 136 (43.3) 840 (35.9) 13.35 0.001
 Average 772 (38.2) 88 (28.0) 860 (36.8)
 Slim 545 (27.0) 90 (28.7) 635 (27.2)
Subjective SES
 High 72 (3.6) 7 (2.2) 79 (3.4) 3.38 0.184
 Middle 1882 (93.2) 290 (92.9) 2172 (92.9)
 Low 65 (3.2) 15 (4.8) 80 (3.4)
Subjective pocket money
 Sufficient 915 (45.3) 109 (34.7) 1024 (43.8) 33.32 < 0.001
 Moderate 457 (22.6) 52 (16.6) 509 (21.8)
 Insufficient 649 (32.1) 153 (48.7) 802 (34.3)
  1. BDI Beck Depression Inventory, SES socioeconomic status