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Table 2 Six-factor model of the CES scale

From: Psychometric properties of the French-language version of the Coercion Experience Scale (CES)

  Standardised loadings      
A—Humiliation factor
 #3. Adverse effects on your human dignity 0.765*      
 #5. Restrictions of your ability to move 0.839*      
 #7. Restrictions of your freedom to decide things 0.869*      
 #9. Restrictions of my ability to move 0.890*      
 #11. Restrictions of my freedom to decide things 0.877*      
 #14. I felt my dignity taken away 0.714*      
 #17. I had to obey the orders of others 0.710*      
 #20. Others made decisions on me 0.848*      
 #22. I did not know what to expect 0.663*      
 #24. I could not understand why I was being treated that way 0.815*      
 #25. I could not move freely 0.809*      
 #29. I felt dealt like an animal 0.839*      
 #30. I feared the measure would last forever 0.835*      
 #31. My wishes were not taken into account 0.727*      
B—Physical adverse effects factor
 #13. I suffered pain 0.128      
 #21. Passing urine or defecating was shameful 0.955*      
 #23. Passing urine or defecating was uncomfortable 0.780*      
 #26. Having to attend to washing whilst being observed by aid of staff 0.981*      
C—Interpersonal separation factor
 #4. Restrictions of your ability to have contact with staff 0.895*      
 #8. Restriction of contact with staff 0.895*      
D—Negative environmental influences factor
 #12. I feared not getting enough air 0.709*      
 #15. I was not able to sleep well 0.204      
 #16. The decor or lighting of the room were unpleasant 0.600*      
 #18. The room was too cold or too warm 0.640*      
 #28. Poor condition of air in the room 0.798*      
E—Fear factor
 #19. I was afraid I would be killed 0.854*      
 #27. I was afraid I would die 0.854*      
F—Coercion factor
 #6. Experience of coercion 0.908*      
 #10. Applied coercion 0.908*      
  1. p < 0.05
Factor correlation A B C D E F
A—Humiliation factor 1.000      
B—Physical adverse effects factor 0.547* 1.000     
C—Interpersonal separation factor 0.721* 0.492* 1.000    
D—Negative environmental influences factor 0.590* 0.606* 0.566* 1.000   
E—Fear factor 0.365* 0.623* 0.234 0.565* 1.000  
F—Coercion factor 0.958* 0.449* 0.674* 0.493* 0.260* 1.000
  1. p < 0.05