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Table 2 Characteristics of the two study sub-cohorts classified according to baseline psychological well-being and life satisfaction

From: Positive psychological well-being predicts lower severe pain in the general population: a 2-year follow-up study of the SwePain cohort

Characteristics, n (%), unless otherwise stated Psychological well-being at T0 Life satisfaction at T0
Severe distress (n = 526) Moderate distress (n = 692) Positive well-being (n = 4152) Not satisfied (n = 1259) Satisfied (n = 4377)
Study sub-cohort 1: Participants without chronic pain at T0 (CPG = 0; N1 = 5693)
 Age, mean (SD) 42.8 (17.5) 46.1 (18.7) 52.5 (17.8) 48.9 (18.9) 51.5 (17.9)
 Women 308 (58.6) 395 (57.1) 1968 (47.4) 622 (49.4) 2178 (49.8)
 Born abroad 43 (8.2) 63 (9.1) 235 (5.7) 111 (8.8) 249 (5.7)
 Married 193 (36.7) 305 (44.1) 2299 (55.4) 485 (38.5) 2467 (56.4)
 University 247 (47.9) 334 (49.0) 1810 (44.1) 493 (40.0) 2004 (46.3)
 Unemployment 188 (36.6) 251 (37.1) 1592 (38.9) 513 (41.6) 1632 (37.8)
 High household income (≥ median) 204 (38.8) 310 (44.8) 2286 (55.1) 550 (43.7) 2389 (54.6)
 Multimorbidity 162 (34.5) 121 (19.6) 609 (15.8) 310 (28.1) 623 (15.4)
 Sleep problems 272 (52.3) 255 (37.4) 748 (18.2) 485 (39.0) 837 (19.4)
  1. SD standard deviation, T0 baseline, CPGs chronic pain grades, N = the total number of participants according to their pain status at baseline, n = the total number of participants by classification according to three nominal categories of the General Well-being Schedule and to two nominal categories of the life satisfaction
Characteristics, n (%), unless otherwise stated Psychological well-being at T0 Life satisfaction at T0
Severe distress (n = 923) Moderate distress (n = 782) Positive well-being (n = 1791) Not Satisfied (n = 1422) Satisfied (n = 2201)
Study sub-cohort 2: Participants with chronic pain at T0 (CPG > 0; N2 = 3668)
 Age, mean (SD) 49.9 (16.6) 53.7 (16.5) 57.1 (14.9) 54.8 (16.02) 54.5 (15.9)
 Women 640 (69.3) 482 (61.6) 1049 (58.6) 888 (62.4) 1360 (61.8)
 Born Abroad 111 (12.0) 76 (9.7) 87 (4.9) 151 (10.6) 129 (5.9)
 Married 408 (44.3) 421 (53.9) 1064 (59.4) 691 (48.7) 1282 (52.2)
 University 306 (33.6) 270 (34.7) 612 (34.3) 432 (30.7) 792 (36.3)
 Unemployment 386 (42.3) 305 (39.6) 717 (40.7) 667 (47.6) 807 (37.3)
 High household income (≥ median) 375 (40.6) 352 (45.0) 946 (52.8) 573 (40.3) 1154 (52.4)
 Multimorbidity 458 (57.0) 296 (43.4) 606 (37.3) 639 (52.2) 770 (38.7)
 Sleep problems 618 (67.5) 398 (51.9) 612 (34.5) 817 (58.3) 869 (39.9)
  1. SD standard deviation, T0 baseline, CPGs chronic pain grades, N = the total number of participants according to their pain status at baseline, n = the total number of participants by classification according to three nominal categories of the General Well-being Schedule and to two nominal categories of the life satisfaction