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Table 2 Description of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients (N = 406)

From: Burden among caregivers of people with mental illness at Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variable Category n %
Median age of the patient (IQR)   29.50/14.00  
Mean age onset of illness of patient (± SD)   26.10 ± 11.322  
Median patient duration of illness in years (IQR)   4.00/6.00  
Sex of the patient Male 248 61.1
Female 158 38.9
Employment status of patient Unemployed 37 9.1
Working full time 27 6.7
Working part-time 97 23.9
Stop working 245 60.3
Educational status of patient Not educated 115 28.3
1–8th grade 136 33.5
9–12th grade 94 23.2
College/above 61 15.0
Psychiatric diagnosis of the patient Schizophrenia 210 51.7
Other psychotic d/osa 39 9.6
BAD 50 12.3
MDD 80 19.7
Other disordersb 27 6.7
Patients’ episodes of illness Single 184 45.3
2–4 episodes 138 34.0
5 or more episodes 84 20.7
Patient history of psychiatric admission Yes 130 32.0
No 276 68.0
Patient ever use any type of substance in life Yes 157 38.7
No 249 61.3
Patient use of substance in the last 12 months Yes 117 74.5
No 40 25.5
Patient illness/CGI scale/ Normal 51 12.6
Borderline ill 17 4.2
Mildly ill 135 33.3
Moderately ill 153 37.7
Markedly ill 37 9.1
Severely ill 13 3.2
  1. BAD bipolar affective disorder, MDD major depressive disorder
  2. aBrief psychotic, scizophreniform, delusional d/os, etc.
  3. bPTSD, Anxiety d/os, Cognitive d/os, childhood d/os