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Table 2 Logistic regression results for factors associated with depression among type 2 DM patients

From: Coping behaviors and depressive status in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus

  Exp(B) 95% CI
Sex 1.19 0.64–2.2
Age 1.00 0.98–1.03
BMI 1.05 0.98–1.13
HBA1c 1.07 0.76–1.53
Smoking 0.32 0.15–0.67**
Alcohol 1.74 0.88–3.46
Exercise frequency 1.00 0.82–1.22
Single 1.57 0.76–3.26
Living alone 1.21 0.46–3.20
Coping profiles
 Active solution 1.02 0.89–1.17
 Seeking help for a solution 1.07 0.93–1.22
 Changing mood 0.99 0.87–1.12
 Changing one’s point of view 1.29 1.11–1.49**
 Avoidance and suppression 0.76 0.64–0.89**
 Emotional expression involving others 0.76 0.63–0.91**
Sex 1.18 0.66–2.17
Age 1 1.00–1.04
BMI 1.00 0.98–1.03
HBA1c 1.05 0.74–1.48
Smoking 0.34 0.17–0.70**
Alcohol 1.70 0.86–3.37
Exercise frequency 1.01 0.83–1.22
Single 1.58 0.78–3.21
Living alone 1.15 0.44–3.00
Coping dimensions
 Problem focused 1.04 0.97–1.11
 Adaptive emotion focused 1.12 1.02–1.22*
 Maladaptive emotion focused 0.77 0.70–0.84***
  1. Logistic regression analyses for coping profiles and coping dimensions were separately performed including confounding factors such as sex, age, BMI, presence/absence of smoking, habitual alcohol consumption, living alone, and exercise habits, HbA1c, and insulin use/no use
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001