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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of war veterans and their respective offspring

From: Intergenerational transmission of war-related trauma assessed 40 years after exposure

  War veterans Offspring
Total (n = 46) PTSD (n = 27) Non-PTSD (n = 19) p Total (n = 73) PTSDc (n = 43) Non-PTSDc (n = 30) p
Age, years (mean, SD) 65.2, 3.3 64.9, 3.6 65.7, 2.9 0.449 35.7, 4.8 35.6, 4.9 35.8, 4.8 0.835
CAPS score, lifetime (mean, SD) 56.0, 42.8 88.0, 18.2 10.5, 19.3 <0.001 9.7, 22.9 7.6, 19.9 12.7, 26.7 0.353
Gender n (%) n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%) n (%)  
 Female   44 (60.3) 24 (55.8) 20 (66.7) 0.467
 Male   29 (39.7) 19 (44.2) 10 (33.3)  
Marital status
 Married/co-habitinga 43 (93.5) 26 (96.3) 17 (89.5) 0.561 48 (65.8) 26 (60.5) 22 (73.3) 0.463
 Divorced or widowedb 3 (6.5) 1 (3.7) 2 (10.5)   5 (6.8) 4 (9.3) 1 (3.3)  
 Single   20 (27.4) 13 (30.2) 7 (23.3)  
Graffar
 1   7 (9.6) 3 (7.0) 4 (13.3) 0.206
 2 5 (10.9) 2 (7.4) 3 (15.8) 0.613 28 (38.4) 15 (34.9) 13 (46.4)  
 3 29 (63.0) 17 (63.0) 12 (63.2)   33 (45.2) 20 (46.5) 13 (43.3)  
 4 12 (26.1) 8 (29.6) 4 (21.1)   5 (6.8) 5 (11.6) 0 (0)  
Disability
 No 30 (65.2) 21 (77.8) 9 (47.4) 0.058  
 Yes 16 (34.8) 6 (22.2) 10 (52.6)   
Territory (former colony)
 Angola 14 (30.4) 8 (29.6) 6 (31.6) 0.699  
 Mozambique 14 (30.4) 7 (25.9) 7 (36.8)   
 Guinea 18 (39.1) 12 (44.4) 6 (31.6)   
  1. Italic shows statistically significant results
  2. SD standard deviation, PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder
  3. aFor the group of veterans only the married category applies
  4. bWidows in the group of veterans, divorced in the group of veterans’ offspring
  5. cThe offspring were grouped according to their respective fathers’ lifetime PTSD diagnosis