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Table 2 Association between fathers’ war exposure and lifetime PTSD with offspring’s psychometric variables

From: Intergenerational transmission of war-related trauma assessed 40 years after exposure

Exposures War exposure PTSD, lifetime
Outcomes β (95% CI) p β (95% CI) p
CTQ-SF
 Emotional abuse 0.076 (− 0.046, 0.197) 0.217 0.271 (− 1.558, 2.100) 0.763
 Sexual abuse 0.008 (− 0.083, 0.099) 0.861 − 0.383 (− 1.733, 0.966) 0.564
 Physical abuse 0.041 (− 0.019, 0.100) 0.176 0.397 (− 0.485, 1.279) 0.363
 Emotional neglect 0.038 (− 0.089, 0.166) 0.548 0.622 (− 1.296, 2.539) 0.511
 Physical neglect 0.046 (− 0.003, 0.095) 0.063 0.073 (− 0.717, 0.862) 0.851
 Total CTQ-SF 0.199 (− 0.135, 0.532) 0.236 0.792 (− 4.101, 5.686) 0.742
RAAS
 Anxiety 0.009 (− 0.020, 0.039) 0.529 − 0.041 (− 0.506, 0.423) 0.856
 Close–depend − 0.011 (− 0.027, 0.004) 0.145 − 0.167 (− 0.410, 0.076) 0.170
BSI
 Somatisationa 0.025 (0.001, 0.050) 0.043 0.059 (− 0.298, 0.416) 0.749
 Obsessive–compulsive 0.009 (− 0.014; 0.032) 0.442 0.063 (− 0.293, 0.420) 0.718
 Interpersonal sen. 0.192 (0.008, 0.053) 0.391 0.131 (− 0.254, 0.515) 0.491
 Depressiona 0.017 (− 0.017, 0.052) 0.319 0.010 (− 0.540, 0.560) 0.971
 Anxiety 0.020 (− 0.001, 0.040) 0.056 0.217 (− 0.092, 0.526) 0.160
 Hostilitya 0.010 (− 0.017, 0.038) 0.454 0.231 (− 0.192, 0.654) 0.272
 Phobic anxiety 0.014 (0.000, 0.027) 0.046 0.043 (− 0.173, 0.259) 0.688
 Paranoid ideationa 0.008 (− 0.004, 0.021) 0.183 0.109 (− 0.090, 0.308) 0.269
 Psychoticism 0.092 (0.002, 0.044) 0.653 0.211 (− 0.118, 0.540) 0.199
 GSI 0.022 (0.005, 0.038) 0.012 0.138 (− 0.135, 0.411) 0.306
 PST 0.278 (− 0.091, 0.647) 0.136 2.823 (− 2.988, 8.633) 0.327
 PSDI 0.020 (0.006, 0.033) 0.006 0.109 (− 0.119, 0.34) 0.337
  1. Italic shows statistically significant results
  2. PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, CTQ-SF Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, RAAS Revised Adult Attachment Scale, BSI Brief Symptom Inventory, Interpersonal sen. Interpersonal sensitivity, GS Global Severity Index, PST Positive Symptom Total, PSDI Positive Symptom Distress Index
  3. aThe variable was log-transformed