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Table 4 Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) for anxiety across different frequencies or servings of dietary habits

From: Dietary habits and psychological disorders in a large sample of Iranian adults: a population-based study

Dietary habitsaAnxiety
Multivariable adjustedbMultivariable + BMIc
OR95% CIOR95% CI
Sweetened drinks
 Not at allReferenceReference
 Lower than once per week1.0070.82–1.221.010.83–1.24
 Once or more per week0.77*0.64–0.94*0.76*0.62–0.93*
Fast foods
 Not at all or few times per yearReferenceReference
 1–3 times per month1.030.85–1.251.060.86–1.29
 Once or more per week1.150.88–1.5021.190.908–1.56
Canned foods
 Not at all or few timesReferenceReference
 1–3 times per months1.140.96–1.361.120.94–1.35
 Once or more per week1.110.82–1.5041.130.83–1.54
Breakfast
 Not at allReferenceReference
 Once per week1.350.84–2.161.250.77–2.03
 More than once per week0.740.53–1.040.740.53–1.05
Sugar cubes (one sugar cube contains almost 3 g sugar)
 Not at allReferenceReference
 1–2 cubes per day1.110.88–1.401.080.85–1.37
 More than 2 cubes per day1.050.85–1.301.030.82–1.28
Fried foods
 Not at allReferenceReference
 Lower than once per week1.210.87–1.661.190.85–1.65
 Once or more per week1.030.75–1.411.010.73–1.39
Snacks
 Not at allReferenceReference
 Lower than once per week1.64*1.34–2.01*1.60*1.31–1.96*
 Once or more per week2.01*1.58–2.56*1.99*1.55–2.56*
  1. OR odds ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval
  2. *Significance level was considered as p < 0.05
  3. aDietary habits for all items were presented as frequency of consumption except for sugar cubes which presented as serving of intake
  4. bAdjusted for age (20–29, 30–39, 40–49, 50–59, 60–69 years), education level (Secondary school and lower, High school, Diploma and Graduate diploma, Bachelors, Masters, and PhD), physical activity history(yes/no), history of chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, depression and dyslipidemia), and smoking (yes/no)
  5. cAdjusted for age (20–29, 30–39, 40–49, 50–59, 60–69 years), education level (Secondary school and lower, High school, Diploma and Graduate diploma, Bachelors, Masters, and PhD), physical activity level (low/medium/high), history of chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, depression, and dyslipidemia), smoking (yes/no), and BMI